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Essay on Global Warming

Essay on Global Warming! Find high quality essays on ‘Global Warming’ especially written for school, college and university students. These essays will also guide you to learn about the causes, effects and solutions on global warming.

There is no doubt there has been a substantial increase in the surface temperature of the Earth. It has in fact affected all life forms including us.

Moreover, the major cause of this global warming is the human activities. There is ample evidence available to prove the role of humans in this change of climatic conditions on the Earth. For instance, overuse of natural resources has altered the climatic patterns in many regions. It is therefore important for us to understand what causes it and what can be done further to prevent it.

Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for school students (Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 Standard) and college students. Furthermore, those students preparing for competitive exams like IAS, IPS and UPSC can also increase their knowledge by studying these essays.

List of Essays on Global Warming

Essay on Global Warming – Short Essay for Kids and Children (Essay 1 – 200 Words)


Global warming is the constant increase in the temperature of the world. Also known as climate change, global warming is one of the biggest threats to our environment today. Due to the burning of fossil fuel and deforestation, we are gradually heating up our environment to an astronomical level.

Identify Global Warming:

Global warming has caused a lot of changes in our environment.

These changes are present in our daily lives. Some of them are as follows:

1. Increase in the general temperature of our environment.

2. Flood.

3. Inconsistency in weather variations.

4. Deadly hurricanes.

5. Shortage of water or droughts.

Correcting Global Warming:

Global warming is created by multiple factors. Thus, to correct the defects in our environment we must also employ multiple coordinated approaches as well. One of those approaches would be to switch to renewable sources of energy. This would definitely reduce our consumption of fossil fuel which is great for the environment.

Another act would be to reduce our consumption of paper. This would reduce the need to cut down trees. Another related approach is to generally reduce deforestation and encourage people to plant more trees.


The threat that global warming poses to the world is not in doubt. We must take consistent steps at rejuvenating our environment to correct this phenomenon.

Essay on Global Warming – 10+ Lines on Global Warming Written in English (Essay 2 – 250 Words)

Global warming is one of the most common and baffling problems which has plagued the environment. It is high time that people understand as to how terrible the situation of global warming has become and thereby we should try and come up with ways to mitigate it.

Global Warming – The Overview:

Global warming mainly refers to the rise in the average temperature of the climate of earth which in turn can have multiple repercussions. Global warming is known to have varied side effects as the rise in temperature can lead to melting of ice caps, flash flood, and even drought.

The Causes of Global Warming:

There are several reasons which have contributed to the cause of global warming and some of them are as follows:

1. Deforestation – Cutting down the trees unnecessarily leads to excess of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which gets trapped and increases the temperature.

2. Burning of fossil fuel – Fossil fuel when burnt releases a lot of unwanted carbon in the atmosphere which, in turn, can lead to global warming

3. Pollution – Human related factors like air pollution too contribute to greenhouse effect which too leads to global warming

So, these are some of the key causes which have led to this problem and it is important to start taking the right measures to mitigate it. If we want to curtail the issues because of global warming, we need to remedy the problem right now. Plant as may trees as you can and limit the use of vehicles so that the pollution levels can be controlled.

Essay on Global Warming (Essay 3 – 300 Words)

Global warming is an issue of great importance for humanity because the potential consequences of this process could be devastating. Therefore, everybody has a responsibility to make an effort in one way or another to help prevent the global warming catastrophe from unraveling.

Cause of Global Warming:

The biggest and most effective cause of global warming is human beings and their industry. The rapid change in the earth’s temperature we are witnessing is brought on by the change human society underwent in the past two hundred years. This change is called the industrialization and one can claim that it is the only real cause of global warming.

Through our efforts to make life easy for us in the present moment we have ensured that our future is uncertain and this makes global warming so important as an issue that must be resolved by all of humanity together.

How to stop Global Warming?

Global warming can only be stopped by our collective endeavor to reduce the carbon imprint on the planet. Since the resolution is so easy one can be tempted to believe that there is no need to worry but on the contrary. This is not an issue that all people see in the same way and a lot of financial difficulties are associated with the problem of global warming, therefore we can expect more debates about this problem in the future and a lot of work.


Global warming is a problem of the entire planet and even though we as individuals have not contributed to the current state of things, we are the only ones that have the power to change these drastic events. Every day we can make decisions that will help make our future cleaner and the earth much cooler and our lives healthier.

Essay on Global Warming – Introduction, Causes, Effects and Conclusion (Essay 4 – 400 Words)


Global warming is one of the most serious concerns at present. Due to global warming, the average temperature of the earth, as well as the ocean, is rising day by day. It is not only affecting the lives of humans on earth but also have an impact on other living organisms.

If we didn’t take any remedial steps to overcome the problem of global warming then, it will surely affect the future of the entire world.

What causes Global Warming?

The following are the main causes of global warming:

1. Deforestation:

The forests act as the lungs for the people on earth as they create lots of oxygen which are required by humans for breathing. They capture harmful carbon dioxide from the air. The deforestation leads to the increase in the level of carbon that consecutively results in increasing global temperatures.

2. Greenhouse Effect:

Greenhouse gases such as methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, water vapor, etc., redirect emission which the earth releases. In the absence of such gases, earth might become too cold to sustain any life. The human activities like the burning of fossil fuels, emissions from the vehicles, etc., are increasing greenhouse gases in the air that result in the rise of the earth’s temperature.

Effects of Global Warming:

Below are few effects of global warming:

1. Increase in Sea Levels:

Global warming has impacted the ocean on earth. It has speeded up the melting process of glaciers and ice that upsurge the quantity of water in oceans.

2. Ice Caps Melting at a Fast Pace:

Due to global warming, the ice and snow worldwide is getting melted at rapid speed in comparison to the past. Lots of sea ice has also vanished in different parts of the world.

3. Desertification:

It makes the dry and semi-dry regions more dry than earlier. It has affected the pattern of rainfall in a few areas.

How to overcome the problem of Global Warming?

Below are a few ways that you can follow for overcoming the problem of global warming:

i. We should do the recycling of plastic, paper, glass, newspapers and aluminum cans that can save lots of carbon dioxide yearly.

ii. We should utilize less air-conditioners and heaters and use natural sources of energy more.

iii. We should buy a car which has the highest gas mileage but the lowest emissions.

iv. Using public transportation or doing carpooling can also help in reducing the amount of emissions in the atmosphere.


Global warming is causing lots of problem for humans on earth but we should not forget that we humans are responsible for its occurrence. It is our duty to take care of our earth so that our future generation does not get affected by the problem of global warming.

Essay on Global Warming – For School Students (Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12) (Essay 5 – 500 Words)


Global warming is the significant increase in the earth’s temperature due to erroneous human activities. This increase in temperature is sufficient enough to change the course of the river, weather, and climate. Since the 1900s, the temperature of the earth has increased to almost one to two degrees. Almost every scientist, who is studying this effect, unanimously concludes that global warming is the disastrous effect of human beings and their improper living!


The greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane are the major causes of global warming. These gases are emitted by industries and factories, household gadgets, and mainly from the burning of fossil fuels. When forests were in abundance, the plants utilized all the carbon dioxide making the forests as the sink of carbon sequestration. The growing industries and the exploding population demands deforestation, as a result of which the carbon sink is made unavailable. These gases eventually mix with the earth’s natural greenhouse gases. They tend to absorb more sunlight than usual and end up heating the environment.

Effects of Global Warming:

There are only harmful effects of global warming. The earth’s temperature increases, as a result, the glaciers are melted. This leads to a significant rise in sea levels. Additionally, the climatic changes become random and unpredictable. It is also predicted that many of the species may face extinction. The water temperature increases and survival of aquatic organisms is a challenge. The most perturbing change is expected to be caused in the coral reef community due to the warming up of water bodies. Depletion of the ozone layer is another cause of global warming. The ozone layer protects the earth from harmful and unwanted radiations from the sun to enter. The depletion of the ozone layer leads to the absence of a natural filter in the earth’s atmosphere.

Even if human activities that harm the environment are stopped at present, the world is predicted to face destruction due to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, etc., within 2100 AD. Since carbon dioxide has a long lifespan on earth, the gas does not deteriorate by itself and remains in the environment for a few hundred years causing silent injuries to the earth and environment. The expanse of dry deserted areas would increase. Reduction in the rainfall and the increase in the temperature can bring about frequent dusty storms with severe intensity. This will perturb the agricultural lands’ ability to produce crops and remain fertile, causing adverse effects on agricultural goods. If not attended immediately, the entire situation will be out of our control, giving us a very strong negative impact on the social and economic statuses.


Planting more trees (afforestation) is the first and immediate thing to reduce global warming. Eco-friendly products must be used in day to day life. We must all start to follow the three R’s: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. We can use public transport whenever possible; this will reduce energy consumption and also prevent the burning of fossil fuels. Fuel-efficient vehicles can be used. Campaigns to create awareness about the hazards of global warming and public rallies to protect the environment can bring awareness about the issue to the general public.


Global warming is a threatening phenomenon that needs to be addressed immediately at both small and large scales to have a safe environment to live in.

Essay on Global Warming – Long Essay on Global Warming (Essay 6 – 600 Words)


Global warming can be said to be the increase in the temperature of the surface of the earth as a result of gases of greenhouse creating greenhouse effect. Global warming can be said to be a very big social and environmental issue that has become rampant throughout the world. Global warming has become an atmospheric issue that is of major concern to the world we live in today. With each day that passes, the surface of our earth becomes hotter as a result of the trapping of the heat of the sun and an increase in level of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

The many effects and impacts of global warming continue to worsen each and every day and they also cause a lot of problems that are very detrimental to the existence and sustenance of the human race. Global warming has become a very major subject of social issues that are big and require a form of social awareness. It is now very important that each one of us know the solutions, effects, causes and meaning of global warming as quick as possible. There is a need for all of us to come together to solve the problem of global warming so that we can save our planet.

What Global Warming Entails:

Global warming can simply be explained as a continuous but steady rise in the level of the temperature of the earth. The surface of our planet earth as a result of the numerous habits and activities of humans all around the world has become a lot hotter and is still getting hotter by the day.

The first thing that we need to know about global warming are the effects and causes of global warming on our earth and its atmosphere. Identifying the effects and causes of global warming can go a very long way in helping us ensure that we are indeed on the right path to getting a lasting relief and solution to global warming.

Some of the many causes of global warming include emission of gases of greenhouse like methane and carbon dioxide, fossil fuels, gas, oil, coal, deforestation, fuel burning for transportation and excessive use of electricity that is unnecessary. Impacts of global warming can be seen in the form of rise in temperature, ozone layer depletion, melting of glaciers, and other social and economic effects. To fully battle global warming we have to fully stop or minimize all of the causes. Planting more tress, using renewable sources of energy, adopting eco-friendly techniques, etc., can be helpful in mitigating the effects of global warming.


Global warming should never be overlooked. It is one very big issue that has to do with the atmosphere and the temperature of the surface of the earth that has been on a rise. It is believed that in about 50 years, there would be a big problem for life on the earth as a result of the temperature that would have increased to levels that are great and unimaginable. The major and most common cause of global warming is carbon dioxide that is in the atmosphere.

We can control the rise in level of carbon dioxide to the consumption of fossil fuels including oil and coal, deforestation of the forests by human activities. As a result of the many activities of man, the number of plants that we have has decreased; this has led to the increase in the carbon dioxide level since plants are usually the major consumers of the carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere.

Global warming and the temperature increase have created a variety of problems including death, diseases, inadequate food, strong storms, flood, melting of glaciers and higher and hotter sea levels. Steps must be taken to protect the Earth from further global warming as early as possible.

Essay on Global Warming – For College and University Students (Essay 7 – 750 Words)


The overall increase in the temperature of the Earth is what global warming is all about. Over the years, there has been a slow yet steady increase in the overall temperature. There are many reasons for the increase many of which can be attributed to human activities. Hence the role of humans in containing this problem becomes all the more important. For many years, the world’s atmosphere has normally fluctuated, switching up from hotter periods to ice ages. However, since the last century, the world’s temperature has expanded in a fast manner of around 1.2 to 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit.

Causes of Global Warming:

The extensive use of petroleum derivatives, for example, coal, oil and petroleum gas activated by the beginning of the modern era are the principal causes of global warming. The use of these fuels leads to the greenhouse effect. This greenhouse effect leads to the trapping of heat in the Earth’s atmosphere which is further responsible for the increase in the temperature of the earth.

Evidence of Role of Human Activities in Global Warming:

It has been well established that the main gas contributing to the trapping of heat in the earth’s atmosphere is Carbon dioxide. Researchers have long realized that ozone-harming substances in the environment, for example, carbon dioxide, methane, or water vapour retain certain frequencies of infrared radiation and dissipate them back toward the Earth. These gases basically keep warm from getting away also rapidly again into space, catching that radiation at the surface and keeping the planet warm. This is strong evidence of the role of human activities in global warming as deforestation has led to the increase in carbon-di-oxide in the atmosphere.

The Solution Ahead:

There are many ways which if adopted by various countries can help in the prevention of global warming. One of the most fruitful solutions is the use of cleaner fuels such as solar energy and wind energy. We have been using fossil fuels very extensively which has not only led to the increase in temperature but has increased the pollution levels as well. We are yet to tap on the use of cleaner fuels such as solar energy which is abundantly available to us. Similarly, wind energy is clean as well as a renewable form of energy which if tapped to its optimum can do wonders and help us solve our energy-related issues.

Another method which can be quite effective in the prevention of global warming is the use of recycled products. You can help limit chopping down of trees in your neighbourhood to adjust the measure of greenhouse gases in the environment by purchasing reused paper items. Additionally, these reused paper items shall reduce the amount of waste which lands at the landfill sites and contaminates the air, water and soil. There are many items which can be easily recycled with the currently available technologies such as paper, plastic, steel, aluminium just to give some examples.

Another of the important factor which can be quite instrumental in the prevention of global warming is planting more trees. Trees are the source of fresh air to us. They purify the air around them and give us oxygen. Having more trees around us shall help in the reduction of harmful gases such as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Moreover, it is the presence of carbon dioxide in the air which causes the greenhouse effect and traps the heat on the Earth. This, in fact, is the most effective way towards the prevention of global warming.

The Paris Agreement:

Since the prevention of global warming is a global issue, in order to deal with it 195 countries in December 2015 came up with a global climate deal at the Paris climate conference. This is also known as the Paris agreement. Under this agreement, all the countries over the world shall make substantial efforts in the reduction of emission of greenhouses in the atmosphere. This is aimed at reducing the rate at which the surface temperature of the Earth has been rising. This is a serious effort worldwide to curb human practices which have affected the climatic conditions and altered the environmental conditions.


There is no doubt that the prevention of global warming is, in fact, the need of the day. However, it is not something which can be achieved by the measures taken the governments alone. It is the people all over the world who need to be sensitive about the need for this prevention. Unless and until we support the government in its initiative nothing can be achieved. We must all strive to preserve the environment so as to give sustainable living conditions to future generations.

Essay on Global Warming – For Competitive Exams like IAS, IPS and UPSC (Essay 8 – 1000 Words)


Global warming should be of great concern to us. Global warming is typically described as a rise in temperature on the earth’s surface. Global warming has been determined to be occurring at a faster rate than before. It is scary and distressing when you do not know what is to come next. I believe that we have to begin the elimination process for sources of greenhouse gas emissions and other factors contributing to global warming so that we can have a better chance of survival. It is not only India that is faced with global warming but also the rest of the world and therefore we all have a responsibility in ensuring that the worst does not happen.

Causes of Global Warming:

In order to deal with the consequences and find out solutions to global warming, it is important to know the causes of global warming. Global warming is caused both due to the natural as well as the human activities. The natural causes of global warming includes rotation of Earth, volcanic eruptions, earthquake, etc.

The human activities that cause global warming includes the burning of fossil fuels, cutting down of trees, increasing pollution level, using plastic, using harmful fertilizers and pesticides, etc. Excessive use of transportations that release gases that are harmful is also another cause of global warming.

Impacts of Global Warming:

The effects are felt all over the earth. According to credible sources, global warming has caused a one-degree increase in the temperatures of the Earth. The change has been significantly felt as evidenced by adverse weather conditions in the world. There have been destructive weather patterns, e.g., floods and droughts, a rise in the sea level and melting of ice in the Arctic sea. These changes in climate are serious and impacts the living things on earth negatively. Some of these changes that have taken place are irreversible, and therefore it is a danger for the ecosystem.

Global warming has interfered with environmental components and interrupted biodiversity. Biodiversity is essential for the sustainability of life on earth and also the continuity of life among species. Global warming has interfered with this because of the adverse weather conditions which has caused fewer survival rates for some species, caused mutations among species and even the most dreadful effect is the extinction of various species. The loss in biodiversity is like a loss in the meaning of life on earth.

Climate change has been interrupted due to global warming. Climate change was a normal process that was affected by the ground surface on earth, the ocean currents and the orbit of the planet. But when global warming was factored in, there has been an inconsistent climate change that causes adversity in the weather conditions and poses more threat to life on earth.

Currently, as the advancement in global warming is faster than before, there will be an increased frequency and intensity in occurrence of these adverse weather conditions, which is really dangerous to living things on earth because we might all be wiped out from the planet, and this is scary. Hence there is a need to prevent global warming.

Prevention of Global Warming and Its Consequences:

The negative impacts of global warming are destructive and harmful, and that is why it is important to find strategies that will prevent worsening of these conditions. Causes of Global warming needs to be identified and studied well so that preventive approaches can be found out specific to the cause.

There are natural and unnatural causes of global warming. In as much as it is essential to study all these factors, natural resources are beyond human control, and therefore they are hard to prevent. For example, it is impossible to try and control the Earth’s orbit around the sun. Therefore, we need to focus on the unnatural causes of global warming in trying to mitigate it.

The human activities involve the combustion of fossil fuels, which has been determined to release the most massive amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The preventive approach to this is finding alternative sources of fuels so that fossil fuels can be eliminated. There are many sources of fuel that can be used as alternatives.

Solar energy is the most affordable alternative source of energy because the heat is free from the sun. However, utilizing solar power required the use of specialized equipment such as solar panels, which are expensive and so it is still a challenge and also the fact that the sun is not reliable during the night or seasons of less sunshine.

Another method to prevent global warming is to plant more and more trees as trees help in absorbing the excess heat and make the planet cooler. Trees purifies the air and provides us with fresh air. Recycling of plastic bottles, bags, and other materials can also help in reducing the effects of global warming.

Reducing the use of personal vehicles on daily basis can also help in reducing global warming. For daily travelling, we can use the public transportations. We can also travel to the nearby places by walking or cycling. Carpooling is yet another measure to reduce global warming. We can even use cleaner fuels in our vehicles that do not release harmful gases.

With these strategies in mind, it is not only the responsibility of the government and environmental organizations but also the citizens of India and everyone else in the world. The strategies towards preventing global warming require a collective responsibility because little things like recycling a polythene bag contributes towards the prevention of global warming.


In conclusion, global warming is indeed a threat to the environment, and it should be prevented so that the consequences are reduced. Human activities need to be regulated, and for this to happen, it requires the efforts of every individual, which begins with you and me. Let us be a united fold in preventing global warming for a better future!


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