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Essay on Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Essay on Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan! Find high quality essays on ‘Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’ especially written for children, school and college students. These essays will also guide you to learn about the birth, education, personal qualities, professional life, role in Indian society, career as a teacher and political life of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a great philosopher, educationist, author and second President of India. He was born on September 5, 1888. His birth anniversary is celebrated across the country as Teachers’ Day every year and on this day the teachers are honoured for their contributions to the noble profession.

Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for school students (Class 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 Standard) and college students. Furthermore, those students preparing for competitive exams like IAS, IPS and UPSC can also increase their knowledge by studying these essays.

List of Essays on Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – Short Essay (Essay 1 – 150 Words)


Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan popularly known as Dr.S. Radhakrishnan was a scholar, philosopher, professor, author and a great teacher that India has ever seen.

Family and Education:

Born in a poor Brahmin family in Tiruttani, India on 5th September 1888, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan reached the pinnacle of glory due to his excellent academic career. After completing his education at Madras Christian College, he worked as a Professor and was the Chancellor of various prestigious universities. Dr.S. Radhakrishnan and his wife Sivakamu had five daughters and a son.

Dr. S. Radhakrishnan – First Vice President and Second President of India:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was not a politician but was looked upon as a person who represented Hindu culture against westerners and so he was made Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union. Later he became the first Vice President and was then elected as the Second President of India.

His Birthday Celebrated as Teachers Day:

Dr.S.Radhakrishnan was loved more as a teacher than as a President. So, on request from his students, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan accepted to celebrate his birthday as ‘Teachers Day’.

Contributions and Achievements:

Dr.S. Radhakrishnan has written many books honoring Hinduism. He was also one of the founders of ‘Helpage India’, which cares for the elderly people in India. His services to education was immense for which he received a knighthood, the Bharat Ratna Award and was also nominated for the Nobel Prize.


Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan will live in the hearts of students and will be an inspiration for every teacher forever.

Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – For Children (Essay 2 – 250 Words)

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a great philosopher, educationist, author and second President of India. He was born on September 5, 1888. His birth anniversary is celebrated across the country as Teachers’ Day every year and on this day the teachers are honoured for their contributions to the noble profession.

A Famous Teacher:

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan did Master’s degree in Philosophy from Madras Christian College. He was professor of philosophy at Mysore University from 1918 to 1921 and at University of Calcutta from 1921 to 1931 and 1937 to 1944. He served as Vice Chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936 and Vice Chancellor of Benares Hindu University from1939 to 1948. In 1936, he taught Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University.

Great Statesman:

In 1938, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected as a fellow of the British Academy. In 1947, Dr. Radhakrishnan led the Indian delegation to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and was elected as chairman of UNESCO’s executive board for 1948-49. From 1949 to 1952, he served as Indian ambassador to the Soviet Union. On his return to India in 1952, he was elected as the first Vice President of India. On May 11, 1962, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected as the second President of India (1962-1967).

Lifelong Learner:

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was disturbed by the criticism of Indian culture by western teachers. This led him to do critical study of Indian philosophy and religion and he authored many books and articles for journals of repute, on the Indian tradition, religion and philosophy.

Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – For School Students (Class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 Standard) (Essay 3 – 300 Words)

Introduction (Birth, Family, and Personal Life):

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan needs no introduction. All over the country, the kids and teachers in schools celebrate his birthday every year on 5th September as “Teacher’s Day”. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born in Madras in the year 1988. His family background was financially not so strong.

Education and Personal Qualities:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a bright student since his childhood. Being a hardworking and highly determined kid, he completed his education with the help of several well-deserved scholarships. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan did his high school from Tirupati and received the graduation and post-graduation degree of arts from the Madras Christian College.

Professional Life:

Soon, after completing his education, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan joined as the Assistant Professor in the Madras College. Working there, he dived into the ocean of Indian and western philosophies. In the coming years, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was awarded the Professor of Philosophy twice at University of Mysore and Calcutta University in two different years.

Rest is history. In his career, he accomplished many more milestones and even published a remarkable book in his name, titled “Indian Philosophy” which acquired huge appreciation by the critics.

His Role in Indian Society:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan became the first Vice President of independent India in the year 1952. Before that, he also worked as the Indian Ambassador in the Soviet Union in 1949. Not only that, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan successfully completed two terms of his vice presidency, only to become the President of India in the year 1962. He also earned the Bharat Ratna award for his academic and political contribution to the society.


Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was not only admired in India but also worldwide. In the year 1975, he died leaving his legacy behind. Even today, his educational works and teachings continue to inspire many youngsters all over the world.

Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – Written in English (Essay 4 – 400 Words)


Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first Vice-President and second President of India. He was an Indian philosopher as well as statesman too.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was given the highest civilian award i.e., Bharat Ratna and in 1963 he was awarded the honorary membership award of British Royal Order.

The thinking of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan regarding the teachers was that they have the ability to change the country with their good values in the mind of the youngsters. From the year 1962, the birthday of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is celebrated on every 5th September as the Teachers’ Day in India.

Early life of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5th September in the year 1888 at Thiruttani in Madras. His family belongs to the Telugu Brahmin caste.

The father’s name of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was Sarvepalli Veeraswami and the name of his mother was Sitamma. His father was a subordinate revenue officer. His primary education was done in K.V High School at Thiruttani but later on, he shifted to Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School of Walajapet.

Education of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an ingenious schoolchild who got numerous scholarships at that time. During the age of 17 years, he took admission in Voorhees College at Vellore. In the year 1906, he finished his graduation in the subject of philosophy.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had written the thesis “The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions” for his degree for M.A.

Marriage and Family of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was wedded to Sivakamu at the age of 16 years. He had five daughters and one son as his kids. His wife died in the year 1956 after 51 years of their wedded life.

Teacher’s Day:

When Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan became the Indian president, few fellows, students, and friends asked him to have his birthday celebration. But instead of birthday celebration, he decided to celebrate his birthday as the Teacher’s day on 5th September.

Teacher’s day is celebrated in India by students as well as teachers to create a strong connection between the teachers and pupils. On this day, some students perform like their teachers.


Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was one of the most prominent scholars of the 20th century in the religious conviction and values. He always supports the culture and tradition of Hindus which that has been extremely dominant in India and the western part of the world.

The ideas of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan contributed to the development of India as a sovereign state. His demise took place at the age of 86 years on 17th April 1975 in Chennai.

Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – Career as a Teacher (Essay 5 – 500 Words)

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a man of ideology and philosophy and was a teacher whose birthday is celebrated as Teacher’s Day every year in India. He was honored with the post of Vice President of India and also Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the secondly elected president of India after independence.

Birth and Studies:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5th of September in the year 1888 at Tirutani situated in Madras, South India. He belonged to an economically low Brahmin family where his father, Sarvepalli Veeraswami, was an employee in the zamindari and his mother, Sitamma, looked after the households.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan did his schooling in both Tirutani, his native place as well as in Tirupati. He did his Bachelors and Master’s Degree in the subject philosophy. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan found his education more important and attained many scholarships to afford the educational expenses as his family was financially low.

Career as a Teacher:

After his M.A. degree in education, he was offered with an assistant lectureship job in the Madras Presidency College. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was too much interested in the philosophical stream and mastered in the subjects like Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Brahma Sutra, etc., which are the different classics in Hindu philosophy.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was not limited to Hindu philosophy but also researched in Jain and Buddhist philosophies. Due to his studies and excellence in Philosophical field, he got appointed as the Professor of Philosophy in University of Mysore in the year 1918 and later on got nominated for the same designation in the Calcutta University in the year 1921.

Due to multiple efforts, taken by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian Philosophy found a remarkable place in the world history and was admired by everyone in and around. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was also often invited to take lectures on the same subject at Oxford University.

His continuous hard work and innovation have made Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan to get selected for the post of Vice-Chancellor in Andhra University as well as Vice-Chancellor in the Banaras Hindu University in the year 1939. He never hesitated to spread his love and passion for philosophy and he found the better way through publishing it as books. Thus Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan also became one of the most appreciated authors of his time and still.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the ambassador to UNESCO and Soviet Union in the years 1946 and 1949 respectively. He was honored with Vice President’s post in the year 1952 and thus initiated his contribution as a true leader of India from then on along with his other works. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was awarded Bharat Ratna for all his dedication and hard works he has done in the year 1954.

His two-term lengthier Vice president role came to an end and he got elected as the President of India in the year 1962. After all his efforts and tiring works, he opted to retire in the year 1967 to live a peaceful life later on.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a true inspiration for many teachers and professors who found their passion in this profession. He found teaching as a way of spreading knowledge rather than getting a good pay from it. This ideology of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan made his birthday to be celebrated as Teacher’s Day to remind every people in the teaching profession of his ideology and hardships.

Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (Essay 6 – 600 Words)

Born on September 5th, 1888, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan served as the president of India from 1962 to 1967. He was a man of different professions as he worked as a scholar, statesman, and even a professor as well. He was the first vice president of independent India and hailed as one of the elite scholars of the twentieth century.

The Early Life of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan:

Born to a Telugu family, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had an uneventful childhood. He was always fascinated by education and won several scholarships all throughout his educational career. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan studied at the Madras Christian College and graduated with master’s degree in philosophy.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan didn’t live a life of riches as his early years were tough. Owing to financial constraints, he had to pick philosophy as a career because his cousin who had graduated with this course passed his books to him.

Owing to his ardent zeal for education, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed as the professor of philosophy by the University of Mysore. He also penned down several journals and a lot of his books are famous and read even today.

The Political Life of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan:

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ventured in the field of politics quite late. After India got its independence, he was chosen to represent India at UNESCO. He was a man who accomplished a lot and yet remained humble in his approach.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was chosen to be the Vice-President of the country after independence and later on went to become the president as well. However, he had no striking role to play in Indian politics. He was not a part of the Congress party and did not spearhead any major movement in the struggle for independence. However, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is a revered figure owing to the way he took pride in the Hindu culture and his amazing knowledge about the matter.

Teachers’ Day:

When he became the President of India, a lot of his followers, friends, and students wanted to celebrate his birthday. It was then that he said that rather than celebrating his birthday, it would please him if his birthday was celebrated as Teachers’ Day. Ever since then, September 5th is celebrated all over India as Teachers’ Day.

Despite holding an office of such great repute, whenever we talk of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, we always remember him as someone who taught the country a lot and who believed that it was education alone which could shape the whole nation.

The Role of Education:

There is no denying of the fact that education alone could help in eradicating a lot of unwanted evil and vices present in our society. When people are educated and are capable of making an informed and judicious decision, they would be in a better position to understand what separates the good from the bad.

This is why it is critical to put the right kind of emphasis on offering good and quality education. The leaders of today need to take a cue from the efforts of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. More and more laws should be made to offer free access to basic education for all.

According to Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, if we want our country to progress and make a name, it is important that the youth is granted education. The right kind of learning spirit should be fostered because we need intellectual minds to pin our country on the world map and make it count.


Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan remains one such leader who has led us by his example. He was not interested in the dirty mudslinging game which politics has now become. He took pride in our country and wanted us to be the nation of intellectuals.

Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – For College Students (Essay 7 – 750 Words)


Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher who was additionally our first Vice President of India and second President of India. His journey of life is itself a lesson to be learnt by one and all.

Early Years and Career:

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born in Madras, India on 5th September 1888. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born in a Telugu Brahmin family, his father’s name was Veer Swami Sarvepalli, and mother’s name was Sita Sarvepalli.

In his scholastic studies, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was granted a number of scholarships and he joined the Voorhees School in Vellore at 17 years old then he moved on from that point in 1906 with Masters in Philosophy. He was an incredible rationalist in his logic in the course of study in different universities. He was an extraordinary philosophy teacher. Furthermore, he composed numerous concepts for the M.A students as well.

In the year 1909 Dr. Radhakrishnan was appointed as the head of the branch of logic in the school of Madras. He was additionally chosen as a teacher of logic in the University of Mysore where he taught a significant number of his philosophical learning to the students in Madras as well as he was named as an educator in a significant number of the states.

After his philosophy he went on to become the Vice-Chancellor of the Andhra Pradesh University from the Year 1931 to 1936, and in the year 1936, he was named as a great professor of eastern religion and morals at the University of Oxford. He was also the Vice Chancellor of the Delhi University and Banaras Hindu University during different periods in his career.

His Political Career:

After his achievement in each one of the things Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan began his late-life vocation in parliamentary issues, he joined numerous national classes of the panel for academic participation. He, in fact, represented India at UNESCO and was the representative of India to the Soviet Union from the year 1949-1952.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected as the first Indian Vice President of India in the year 1952 till the year 1962. Furthermore, he was appointed as the second President of India from 1962 to the year 1967. He was an incredible thinker as well as an extraordinary supporter in the Hinduism against the Western influence.

His Philosophy:

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was one of India’s ideal and most persuasive twentieth-century researchers of relative religion and philosophy. His barrier of the Hindu conventions has been exceptionally influential both in India and the western world. In India, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s thoughts added to the development of India as a country state. His compositions added to the authoritative status of Vedanta as “the basic perspective of Hinduism”. In the western world, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s translations of the Hindu custom, and his accentuation on “profound experience”, made Hinduism all the more promptly available for a western group of onlookers, and added to the impact Hinduism has on current otherworldliness.

Awards and Recognitions:

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was given the Bharat Ratna in the year 1954. Furthermore, he was likewise selected for the Nobel Prize for more than 15 times and he won the Nobel Prize 11 times in Literature. He composed numerous quotes as well which are still remembered today. For example, the famous quote, “when we think we know we cease to learn” was given by Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

His Last Years:

After his sting as the President of India, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan went back to Madras. Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan passed on in the year 1975 on 17th of April at the age of 86.

Remembering Him on His Birthday:

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s birthday 5th September is celebrated as Teacher’s Day all over India. He was cherished entirely by his students and was known to be a great, intuitive and congenial instructor. He was always prepared to help and was dependably there for his students. There could be no better day to commend our teachers than celebrating his birthday as the teacher’s day. In fact, it was his own wish that instead of any other celebrations, his birthday should be celebrated as the teacher’s day. True to his wish, students across the country celebrate this day every year and remember his teachings as well.

Teacher’s Day is celebrated all over India with a great deal of energy. Students make cards for teachers, take their blessings and thank them for the wonderful job they do in shaping the lives and career of the students. Everybody recognizes how a teacher is instrumental in the life of a student and we should ever be thankful to them for what transforming us in what we are today.

Long Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – (Essay 8 – 1000 Words)


Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is one of the most widely acclaimed Indian intellectuals in the field of religion and philosophy. He was also one of the former presidents of the Republic of India. He was born on 5th of September in the year 1888 in Thiruthani, which was a part of the Madras Presidency of British India.

His Childhood and Education:

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan did his schooling in K.V. High School in Thiruthani, then in Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheran mission school in Tirupati. He then continued his schooling in Government higher secondary school in Walajapet. He was a meritorious student, who was awarded a lot of laurels and scholarships. He graduated from Madras Christian College with a degree in philosophy. He also studied at the Vorhees College at Vellore briefly before switching to Madras Christian College. He went to become one of its celebrated alumni. Despite choosing Philosophy by chance and not by choice, he went to win accolades in this field. He chose philosophy as a result of his cousin’s books being passed on to him and coming from a family with a difficult financial background. This is why he chose philosophy as his field of education at the college.

His Family:

Dr. Radhakrishnan was born to Sarvepalli Veeraswami and Sarvepalli Seethama into a Telugu speaking Brahmin family. He has his ancestral origins from a village named “Sarvepalli,” but his grandparents had moved out to a small village close to Chittor. His father used to work as a subordinate revenue officer at a local Zamindar. At the age of 16, his marriage was arranged by his family, and he was married to a distant cousin of his, who was called Sivakamu. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had five daughters and a son. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s son, Sarvepalli Gopal is a notable historian.

Academic Career:

After graduating from Madras Christian College, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan started his academic career as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Madras Presidency College. Almost after a decade, he moved to the University of Mysore to work as a professor of Philosophy at Maharaja’s college in Mysore. A few years later, he was appointed as Professor of Philosophy at the University of Calcutta to preside over the esteemed post of King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science. He went on to represent the university at the International Congress of Philosophy conducted at Harvard University.

Another milestone in his academic career is the Hibbert lecture that was delivered by him on “Ideals of life” at Manchester College of Oxford. Later on, he served as the principal of Manchester College, where he lectured his students on “Comparative religion.” His contributions to education were so great that he was honoured with George V in the birthday honours. He served as the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University. During this time, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected as a fellow member of All Souls College. He was also nominated for the Nobel Prize in literature. Later on, he also served as the Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University to which he was invited by Madan Mohan Malaviya himself, who was then retiring from the post of Vice-Chancellor.

Entry into Politics:

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan served as the first Vice President of the Republic of India. He also served as the second President of Independent India. He was serving as the president when Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the Prime Minister. During his term as President Lal Bahadur Shastri, the first female Prime Minister – Indira Gandhi, and Gulzarilal Nanda were also serving as Prime Ministers. He was also nominated to the League of Nations Committee for Intellectual Corporation. He represented Independent India in UNESCO. Before serving as the Vice President and then President of India, he was elected to the constituent assembly of India. After a successful career in the academics, he ventured into politics only to emerge as successful as before.

The Celebration of Teacher’s Day:

During his tenure as the second president of India, his students, family, well-wishers, and friends wanted to celebrate his birthday. He then said that he would prefer and be proud to celebrate it as a day for the commemoration of teachers rather than his birthday since he truly thought of teaching as a noble profession. Thus came into being “Teacher’s Day” which is celebrated in India on the 5th of September every year. The dedication and passion for teaching and the respect he carries towards teachers are well reflected in this gesture. He always believed that “Teachers should be the best minds in the country.”

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – a Great Intellectual and a Greater Human Being:

His achievements as one of the finest intellectuals of his time are well-known. He was also a good and noble human being. He was a part of a lot of noble causes. He was instrumental in forming the Krishnarpan Charity Trust. He also co-founded “Help Age India” which is a charity organization working for the betterment of underprivileged and downtrodden elders. He has played a vital role in representing the Indian religion “Hinduism” to the western countries. He has always tried to bridge the gap between eastern and western philosophy and thoughts.


Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was honoured with Bharat Ratna by the Indian government. The Templeton foundation in the United States of America also conferred him with the Templeton prize. The British government honoured him with the membership of British Royal Order of Merit. He breathed his last on the 17th of April in 1975 in Chennai.

He had always taken pride in the Indian culture and also believed it to be a matter of pride for every Indian too. The way he presented the Indian religion “Hinduism” to the other part of the world is commendable. He also believed that the philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore manifests the true Indian spirit. He claims that the criticism of his religion by certain people disturbed his faith completely. His belief was inspired by Swami Vivekananda. The ill-treatment of Hinduism by the critics forced him to take up the critical study of Hinduism. Looking at his achievements, we can easily say that he was very successful. We shouldn’t stop by just learning about the great leaders like Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, but we need to respect them without fail.


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