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Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam! Find high quality essays on ‘APJ Abdul Kalam’ especially written for school, college and university students. These essays will also guide you to learn about the personal life, education, career, awards and achievements of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is by far one of the most revered presidents of our country. He was an aerospace scientist who created quite a name for himself with his great ideas and bright thinking. Apart from being a great scientist, he was elected as the eleventh President of India in the year 2002.

It is very important for children to learn about his achievement and his message to the youth. Keeping this in mind we have prepared long essays as well as short essays for students to read and grab the values he wanted us to imbibe in ourselves.

Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for school students (Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 Standard) and college students. Furthermore, those students preparing for competitive exams like IAS, IPS and UPSC can also increase their knowledge by studying these essays.

List of Essays on APJ Abdul Kalam

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam – Short Essay for Kids and Children (Essay 1 – 100 + Words)


APJ Abdul Kalam was a great leader of the post Indian Independence days, whom the entire country is proud of. He was a great Scientist, an able President, an ardent Educationist, a gifted Writer and above all a humanitarian and a visionary.

Early Days:

APJ Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. Though he was an average student, he improved himself through hard work. He graduated in Physics followed by Aerospace Engineering with scholarships.


His career commenced in 1962 as Scientist in DRDO, followed by Project Director at ISRO in 1969. APJ Abdul Kalam developed indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicles, Ballistic Missiles and Delivery Systems. He was involved in Pokhran-II nuclear tests, while serving as Chief Scientific Adviser of the country.


Though APJ Abdul Kalam was apolitical, he became the 11th President of India through consensus of political leaders. During his presidency from July 2002 to July 2007, he was a creative leader and an able administrator.


Post presidency, APJ Abdul Kalam devoted himself to impart knowledge to students through his lectures at various educational institutions across the country.


As an avid reader and writer, APJ Abdul Kalam has published several bestsellers like Wings of Fire. He has also penned poems in his native Tamil language.


APJ Abdul Kalam has been honoured with the Padma Bhushan (1981), the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (1997) for his scientific contributions to defense and its development.


He died suffering a massive cardiac arrest on July 27, 2015, while delivering a lecture on “Livable Planet” on the stages of IIM, Shillong, Meghalaya.


“My 2020 vision for India is to transform it into a developed nation”. This was APJ Abdul Kalam’s dream for our country. He inculcated this dream into many young minds, so that it becomes a reality in the near future. APJ Abdul Kalam was indeed a blessing for our nation.

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam – A Short Biography (Essay 2 – 250 Words)

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam is a well-known name in the list of Indian successful achievers. Kalam was an Indian politician as well as an inspirational individual. He was also an aerospace scientist. In the field of science & technology, his discoveries has helped India to reach high levels of success.

Due to the incredible works of Kalam, he was also known as the Missile Man of India. Kalam was such a person on which every Indian feels proud. This ideal man also became India’s 11th president. He served his political career from 2002 to 2007.

Abdul Kalam belonged to a poor family and he grew up in the streets of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He lived in a big joint family with his brothers and sisters. To manage his financial conditions Kalam used to collect the newspaper in town and distribute them. Rameswaram Road Railway station was the only way for survival for Kalam.

Even though Abdul Kalam struggled with his life, he couldn’t leave his studies behind. He completed his graduation from Madras Institute of Technology and joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Abdul Kalam was indeed an eminent scientist.

Abdul Kalam kept motivating and inspiring the lives of people. Especially the youth were inspired by his simple way of leading life, at the same time having thoughts which were of high value.

Abdul Kalam has received many awards, honours and recognitions for his outstanding works and contributions to India.
On 27 July 2015, we, unfortunately, lost this inspiration due to sudden cardiac arrest while delivering a lecture in Shillong. That was a sad moment for all Indians as well as the entire world.

Abdul Kalam had a dynamic personality. From Abdul Kalam, we can learn the real values of hard work & patience and we must follow his teachings.

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam – 10+ Lines on APJ Abdul Kalam Written in English (Essay 3 – 300 Words)

Born on October 15, 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu state, India into a poor Muslim family, Avul Pakir Jainulabudeen Abdul Kalam taught his fellow Indians to dream big and accomplish it. He was a great scientist and visionary who ultimately became the most illustrated president of India.

Abdul Kalam proved to the world with his own life that no matter what one situation is, if you have a strong determination to be something and if you are ready to work harder, then nothing can stop you. Despite his impoverished background, Kalam completed his schooling by selling newspapers and later turned out as the ‘Missile Man of India.’

After graduating from St. Joseph’s college, Tiruchirappalli, Abdul Kalam joined the Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai to take off his dreams of becoming an aerospace engineer. Later, he joined as a scientist in Defense Research and Development Organization of India. He was the project director of Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV), the prestigious project of Indian Space Research Organization. He made remarkable contributions towards the Pokhran nuclear tests as well. Later in 2002, Abdul Kalam was elected as the eleventh president of India and was regarded as the ‘People’s President.’

Abdul Kalam was awarded seven honorary doctorates from 40 universities around the world. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1997, the highest civilian honor from Government of India. He was also honored with Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan by the government of India.

Dr. Abdul Kalam took his last breathe while delivering a lecture at IIM, Shillong due to cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015. He keeps on inspiring the young generation through his works Wings of Fire, India 2020, Ignited Minds, etc. The state of Tamil Nadu celebrates October 15, the birthday of Dr. Kalam as the ‘Youth Renaissance Day.’ He continues to reside in the hearts of the people of India, as a true inspirer and motivator and beyond all, a real human being.

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam – For School Students (Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 Standard) (Essay 4 – 400 Words)

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam) popularly referred as ‘Missile Man of India’ was born in Rameswaram on Pamban Island, Tamil Nadu. The Indian scientist also has honored the President’s post, from the year 2002 to 2007, with his loving character that made him famous among the citizen as ‘People’s President’. He was a profound Aerospace Scientist, a renowned author and also the recipient of numerous prestigious awards, including India’s highest civilian honor the ‘Bharat Ratna’.


Dr. Abdul Kalam was born on October 15th, 1931 to Jainulabdeen, a ferry owner, and Ashiamma his mother who was a homemaker, as the youngest son in the family with one sister and four brothers. He was born to a poor family and even had to sell newspapers to support his family in his early age.

Education and Career:

Dr. Kalam completed his schooling from the Schwartz Higher Secondary School situated in his native place. He attained his degree in physics stream from Saint Joseph’s College in the year 1954, and from there he shifted to Madras for higher education from Madras Institute of Technology.

After graduating in aerospace engineering, Dr. Kalam focused mainly on the development of military missile and India’s civilian space programmes, associating with the well-known organizations like DRDO and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

After leaving the office, Dr. Kalam worked as a professor in many universities such as the IIM in Shillong, Ahmedabad, and Indore and Aerospace Engineering at Anna University. The chancellor position at the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram was also owned by the legendary scientist in addition to the honorary fellowship of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.


As a writer, Dr. Abdul Kalam has written and published more than 25 best-selling books both nationally and internationally including his Autobiography the ‘Wings of Fire’. 40 universities have awarded him with doctorates. His remarkable pieces of advice and efforts at his work helped him in achieving Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan in the years 1981 and 1990 respectively from the Indian Government.

Death and Memorial:

At the age of 83, Dr. Kalam died due to a cardiac arrest, on the stage of IIM, Shillong during the delivery of a lecture. He was always noted for his integrity and his simple lifestyle even after being the President of India. Being one of the most influential people of the decade many memorials and Institutions have been named after him, a true humanitarian.

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam (Essay 5 – 500 Words)

Personal Life:

Remembered as the “Missile Man of India”, APJ Abdul Kalam lives in our memories till today. Abdul Kalam was one of the most respected and brilliant men in the history of Indian politics. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was his full name. His mother’s name was Ashiamma and father’s name was Jainulabudeen.

Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October 1931, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and remained with us till 27th July 2015. His childhood was full of hardships but Abdul Kalam surpassed those obstacles. He started supporting his family from a very young age. Abdul Kalam remained unmarried all his life.

Education and Career:

Abdul Kalam completed his graduation from the Madras Institute of Technology. After that, he joined the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). In the year 1969, Abdul Kalam started working at the position of the project director for India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle, SLV-III.

To be precise, Abdul Kalam was a remarkable scientist who had several inventions in his name. Talking about his political career, Abdul Kalam served as the 11th Indian President during the period of 2002-07. India also honors him by the name of ‘People’s President’.

Awards and Achievements:

Abdul Kalam had earned more than 30 honorary doctorates in his career. Not only that, but he has also been awarded Bharat Ratna (1997), Padma Vibhushan (1990), Padma Bhushan (1981), and Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration (1997).

In the later years, Abdul Kalam was also given Ramanujan Award (2000), King Charles II Medal (2007), and International von Karman Wings Award (2009). His achievements include an immense contribution and services to the development of ballistic missiles in India.

For a person known as the “Missile Man of India”, we can easily imagine the level of passion he had for his work. There are countless incidents in the history of scientific inventions, where Abdul Kalam proved his worth and made India proud. The 1998 Pokhran-II nuclear tests were one of them.

Lessons from His Life:

But the dynamic personality of Abdul Kalam was not just confined to his professional life. He was as charismatic in his personal life too. There was a vision he carried in his imaginations and it focused primarily on the development of the country.

He inspired the young generation of India with his simple living and high thinking. Untouched by any arrogance, he was always soft-spoken and believed in the collective progress of the society. Above all, he was a man of action who walked his talks.

He had high hopes from the Indian youth and considered them the biggest and most precious assets of India. In spite of all the achievements, Abdul Kalam always remained a humble and grounded person who encouraged others and loved everyone.

He wrote many valuable books in his lifetime. Some of them are “India 2020-A vision for the New Millennium”, Wings of Fire, Turning Points, India 2020, Target 3 Billion in 2011, etc. which are quite popular today.

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam – Early Life, and Post-Presidency Days (Essay 6 – 600 Words)

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is by far one of the most revered presidents of our country. He was an aerospace scientist who created quite a name for himself with his great ideas and bright thinking. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the 11th president of India and served from 2002 to 2007.

The Early Life of A.P.J. Abdul Kalam:

Born in a Tamil Muslim family, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam didn’t have the rosiest of childhood. Though his ancestors were rich, their family business dwindled early in his childhood and he had to live a life of poverty. This is why A.P.J. Abdul Kalam used to sell newspaper at a very early age so that he could help his family income.

Despite being extremely bright and intellectual, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was average at studies in school. This did not deter him from putting in an adequate amount of hard work and it was mostly his desire to learn which set him apart. He finally graduated in physics from the University of Madras. He, later on, went on to study aerospace engineering.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam had the dream of becoming a fighter pilot and he narrowly missed on his dream as he attained the ninth spot in the qualifier round and only 8 positions were qualified for a seat in the IAF.

After graduating as an aeronautical engineer, he became a member of the defense research and development service. It was the making of a small hovercraft which really started off his career. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam continues to inspire too many people who want to believe in their dreams and achieve it despite all odds.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam tasted a great deal of success after that. He was soon transferred to ISRO and he was a part of several prestigious projects which earned him both name and fame.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the President:

There is no denying of the fact that A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is hailed as one of the most loved presidents of the country. He was the first scientist who was selected for this position. Such was his popularity that he was often known as the people’s president as his action and motivational speeches made him a hit among the masses. There was a lot of speculation as to whether or not he would contest for the sound term but after a lot of yes and no; he finally decided not to contest for the second term as a president. Pratibha Patil then succeeded him as a president.

The Post-Presidency Days:

After retiring from political duties, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam once again started actively participating in education. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam became a visiting professor in some of the top IIMs of the country and his lectures were most sought.

It wasn’t just the field of education that interested A.P.J. Abdul Kalam as he even wanted to improve the outlook and status of the country. He also started a new program called ‘what can I give’ movement which was mainly targeted towards the youth. The underlying idea of this program by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was to get rid of corruption which had badly plagued our nation.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam died doing what he did best. He was en route to Shillong to give a lecture. It was during the lecture that he collapsed and when he was rushed to the nearest hospital, he was declared dead. He died because of cardiac arrest.

There is no denying the fact that A.P.J. Abdul Kalam remains one of the inspirational figures that taught a lot of things to the Indian parliament. The field of politics has so much to learn from the genius. Definitely, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam remains not just a name but a legend we all look up to!

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam – For College and University Students (Essay 7 – 750 Words)

Dr Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam or Dr APJ Abdul Kalam as we fondly know is one of the greatest scientists India has ever produced. Born on 15 October 1931 on Pambam Island in Rameshwaram to a Tamil Muslim family, he went on to become the eleventh President of India. His mother was a housewife while his father was an imam at a mosque and a boat owner as well. He had three brothers and one sister and was the youngest of all in the family. During his school years, he was a hardworking and bright student and had a keen interest in mathematics. He attended the St Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli to graduate in physics in the year 1954.

As a Scientist:

He joined the DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization) as a researcher where he planned a little helicopter for the Indian Army. He likewise worked under Dr Vikram Sarabhai as a major aspect of INCOSPAR board. Afterwards, he joined the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969 as venture executive of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III).

Dr Kalam was appointed as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and Secretary of the Defense Research and Development Organization from July 1992 to December 1999. The Pokhran-II atomic tests were directed amid this period in which he played an escalated political and technical job. Kalam filled in as the Chief Project Coordinator, alongside Rajagopala Chidambaram, amid the testing phase. Media inclusion of Kalam amid this period made him the nation’s best known atomic researcher. On account of his incredible commitments for the improvement of ballistic missiles in India, he will be always known as the “Missile Man of India”.

As the President of India:

In the year 2002, the then NDA government with the support of Samajwadi Party and the National Congress Party proposed the name of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam for the President of India. Post this, Dr Kalam, having won the Presidential election, was elected as the eleventh President of India. During his tenure, he was widely regarded as the People’s President.

Award and Honours:

He was the third President of India who was granted with the Bharat Ratna (first Dr Sarvapali Radhakrishnan 1954 and second Dr Zakir Hussain 1963). He was additionally been granted with the Padma Bhushan in 1981 and Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his commitments at ISRO and DRDO and in addition the Government of India as a logical consultant. He has composed numerous books, for example, Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, Target 3 Billion of every 2011, Turning Points, India 2020, My Journey, and so on.


On 27 July 2015, Dr Kalam made a trip to Shillong to convey an address on “Making a Liveable Planet Earth” at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong. While climbing a trip of stairs, he encountered some distress, however, he could enter the assembly room after a brief rest. At around 6:35 p.m. IST, just five minutes into his address, he collapsed. He was hurried to the close-by Bethany Hospital in a basic condition; upon entry, he came up short on a heartbeat or some other indications of life. Despite being put in the emergency unit, was affirmed dead of a sudden heart failure at 7:45 p.m IST. His final words, to his assistant Srijan Pal Singh, were purported: “Funny Guy! Are you doing well?”

His Teachings:

A good example for the kids, Dr Kalam is recognized as one who exemplified the calling of educating with his intrinsic enthusiasm for instructing and for his energy to motivate kids to end up as great citizens. Dr Kalam was devoted to educating and recognized himself first as an educator and after that as whatever else. Befitting his affection for education, his end came while conveying an address at IIM, Shillong.

Dr Kalam said that the predetermination of the country relies on a teacher. He said that a student puts in very nearly 20,000 hours in school till he finishes class twelfth and amid this time he assimilates the characteristics of his educators by watching them. He at that point accentuated this making the duty of teachers even more tremendous as the destiny of just about 20 crore youngsters selected in Indian schools relied upon them.

Dr Kalam had imagined a solid and confident India and checked upon the educators to set up a future age that could think freely and discover the answer for issues our nation confronted. He would always be remembered as a great scientist, a wonderful teacher and the People’s president.

Long Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam (Essay 8 – 1000 Words)


APJ Abdul Kalam was a renowned scientist who became India’s 11th President from the year 2002 to 2007. His full name was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. He worked as a scientist and science administrator at the Defence Research and the Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for more than 40 years.

APJ Abdul Kalam was also associated with the civilian space programme as well as the military missile development efforts in India. He was known as the “Missile man of India” owing to his participation on development of ballistic missile and launching of vehicle technology.

Early Life of APJ Abdul Kalam:

APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15.10.1931 in a Tamil Muslim family of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. The name of his mother was Ashiamma and the name of his father was Jainulabdeen. His mother was a housewife whereas his father was a local mosque’s imam. APJ Abdul Kalam has one elder sister and 4 elder brothers.

Since the family of APJ Abdul Kalam was not so financially strong, during his early years he had to sell newspapers to support the family. In school, APJ Abdul Kalam was not a bright student; however, he had a strong aspiration for learning and working hard. His favorite subject was mathematics in which he spent numerous hours while studying.

APJ Abdul Kalam did his schooling from ‘Schwartz Higher Secondary School,’ and did his graduation from ‘Saint Joseph’s College’ of Tiruchirappalli. He always desired to become a fighter pilot.

APJ Abdul Kalam as a Scientist:

APJ Abdul Kalam completed his graduation from ‘Madras Institute of Technology,’ in the year 1960. After becoming ‘Defence Research and Development Service’ (DRDS)’s member, he became an Aeronautical Development Establishment’s scientist.

In 1969, APJ Abdul Kalam was shifted to the ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) and there he was appointed as the project head of the nation’s leading Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). APJ Abdul Kalam returned to DRDO in 1983 as the chief for leading the IGMDP (Integrated Guided Missile Development Program).

In the year 1998, APJ Abdul Kalam also played an important role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests. He was awarded India’s highest civilian honor called ‘Bharat Ratan Award’ owing to his contributions and achievements as a scientist.

APJ Abdul Kalam as President:

APJ Abdul Kalam was selected as the presidential candidate by the ruling party i.e., NDA (National Democratic Alliance) and became the eleventh president of India in the year 2002. He served for a period of 5 years from 25.07.2002 to 25.07 2007.

APJ Abdul Kalam was the 3rd Indian who got ‘Bharat Ratna’ award before becoming the country’s President. Citizens of India, especially youth, called him ‘The People’s President’ due to his unique working and interaction style. One of the difficult verdicts that he had taken during his presidency was the passing of ‘Office of Profit Bill.’

APJ Abdul Kalam was also criticized by the people for his delay in concluding the destiny of mercy pleas which were deferred to him during his tenure as a president. Actually, he took action on only single mercy appeal out of 21 mercy appeals. One more debatable decision that APJ Abdul Kalam took was the approval for President’s rule in the state of Bihar.

APJ Abdul Kalam as an Academician:

APJ Abdul Kalam became the visiting lecturer at the ‘Indian Institute of Management (IIM) of Shillong, ‘Indian Institute of Management (IIM) of Indore’ and the ‘Indian Institute of Management (IIM) of Ahmedabad after the completion of his presidential tenure.

He worked at different positions in different institutions like as a voluntary fellow of Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore, as head at the ‘Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology’ (IISST) of Thiruvananthapuram, as a lecturer of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University and as an assistant at numerous academic and research institutes all over India. APJ Abdul Kalam also taught at ‘Banaras Hindu University,’ and ‘International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) in Hyderabad.’

In the year 2012, APJ Abdul Kalam inaugurated a youth’s program known as ‘What Can I Give Movement’ for overcoming the problem of corruption and increasing the proficiency.

Motivating Quotes by APJ Abdul Kalam:

The below are few motivating quotes by APJ Abdul Kalam:

i. “Thinking is progress. Non-thinking is stagnation of the individual, organization and the country. Thinking leads to action. Knowledge without action is useless and irrelevant. Knowledge with action converts adversity into prosperity.”

ii. “If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel that there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.”

iii. “Climbing to the top demands strength, whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or to the top of your career”.

Death of APJ Abdul Kalam:

On 27.07.2015, APJ Abdul Kalam visited IIM Shillong for delivering the lecture but after a few minutes i.e., at 6:35 pm he collapsed in the auditorium. Thereafter, people took him to the ‘Bethany Hospital’ where his condition became very critical. At 7:45 pm, the death of APJ Abdul Kalam was confirmed by the hospital officials owing to cardiac arrest.

On July 28, the body of APJ Abdul Kalam was airlifted by the helicopter of Indian Air Force and was taken to New Delhi. His body was wrapped in the Indian flag and lots of VIPs and crowds paid their tribute to APJ Abdul Kalam at his residence. After that, his body was taken to home town in Rameswaram.

On 30.07.2015, the last rites of APJ Abdul Kalam were performed along with the state honors at Pei Karumbu Ground of Rameswaram. Over 360,000 people were present at this event.


APJ Abdul Kalam is an impeccable example for the nation’s youth. Now, he might not be present amongst us but his extraordinary contributions, influential words, and hard work will inspire us always.

APJ Abdul Kalam always said that youth are the true asset of India and we should always inspire and motivate them. He was famous for his inspirational words.

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