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Essay on Rabindranath Tagore

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore! Find high quality essays on ‘Rabindranath Tagore’ especially written for school, college and university students. These essays will also guide you to learn about the childhood, education, marriage, family life, social work, independence movement and death of Rabindranath Tagore.

Rabindra Nath Tagore is one of the greatest men of India who was a great nationalist, humanist and an international personality. He was also known as Gurudev. We proudly sing our national anthem every other day.  He was a great poet as well as a writer and had won the Nobel Peace award for his writings as well. His writings are used even today by students all over the world. He was a writer, poet, philosopher and educator from Calcutta, Bengal. An admirer of both traditional Indian and modern Western cultures, he manifested the beauty of Indian culture to the West.

Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for school students (Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 Standard) and college students. Furthermore, those students preparing for competitive exams like IAS, IPS and UPSC can also increase their knowledge by studying these essays.

List of Essays on Rabindranath Tagore

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore – For Children (Essay 1 – 150 Words)


Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet who upgraded the Bengali literature to a great extent. He was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore who was the leader of Brahmo Samaj. He wrote Indian national anthem and has inspired some other countries as well.

Early Life and Family Background of Rabindranath Tagore:

Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest of 13 children of Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. He was born on May 7th, 1861 in Calcutta. As Tagore’s mother died when he was a child, and as his father was widely traveling, he was mostly brought up by the servants. Rabindranath Tagore greatly avoided classroom education and preferred to wander around the manor or nearby places.

His Works:

i. Drama:

Rabindranath Tagore was well-known for expressing a wide variety of drama styles. Dramas like Valmiki Pratibha, Visarjan and many others were written by him.

ii. Short Stories:

Rabindranath Tagore started writing short stories during his teenage. He later started writing the Bengali short stories. He tried to share the tension among Hindu-Muslim with the help of the short stories.

iii. Novels:

Novels were not among the best creations of Rabindranath Tagore. He has written a novel which questioned against the nationalism of India. Gora, Shesher Kobita, and Jatrir Patro were some of his novels.

iv. Poetry:

Rabindranath Tagore was one of the most popular poets and received many awards in this field. He was awarded the noble prize for Gitanjali.

His Contributions to our Nation:

Rabindranath Tagore made some incredible contributions to our nation that only a few know about.

i. His song “Banglar Mati Banglar Jol” helped unite the partitioned Bengal.

ii. Rabindranath Tagore restructured education as a holistic growth process.

iii. He advocated the concept of global integrity.

iv. He spoke against “petty nationalism.”


Undoubtedly, Rabindranath Tagore was a multi-talented person and became an important figure across the whole world. His statues are situated in many foreign countries due to his exceptional contributions and ideologies.

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore – 10 Lines on Rabindranath Tagore Written in English (Essay 2 – 250 Words)

“Rabindranath Tagore” was an extraordinary Indian writer. Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, 1861 in Kolkata. He was a pioneer of Brahmo Samaj established in the nineteenth-century in Bengal. “Rabindranath Tagore” was fondly called as Gurudev for his virtuous teachings. He took his initial training at home and continued his advanced education in England at the age of seventeen.

“Rabindranath Tagore” was determined to bring concrete changes in the social order followed across the nation. At that point he began a school at Santiniketan where he pursued the traditional Upanishadic goals of training. Gurudev “Rabindranath Tagore” also included himself in the Indian patriotic movement and pursued his own non-wistful and visionary ways.

During the freedom struggle, Gurudev found a staunch admirer and a soulful companion in Mahatma Gandhi. The colossal love of “Rabindranath Tagore” towards the nation was evident when he gave away the title of “Sir” given by the British Government in 1915 as a protest against the British Raj in India.

“Rabindranath Tagore” was an incredible humanist, painter, nationalist, artist, writer, author, story-teller, rationalist, philanthropist and an eminent academician. He authored our National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana”. In the year 1913, “Rabindranath Tagore” won the Nobel Prize in literature for his work in the famous book “Gitanjali: Song Offerings”.

The persistent accomplishments of Gurudev “Rabindranath Tagore” were recorded as a hard copy and that made him a popular voice of India’s profound legacy. His famous literary works includes Manasi, Sonar Tari, Gitanjali, Gitimalya, Balaka, showcase dramatizations, melodic expositions, travel journals and many other collections of memoirs.

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore – As a Literary Person, Prolific Writer and a Cultural Ambassador (Essay 3 – 300 Words)

Rabindra Nath Tagore is one of the greatest men of India who was a great nationalist, humanist and an international personality. He was also known as Gurudev.

Early Life:

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7th May 1861 at Calcutta. His early education was at home under private teachers, however, later he went to England in 1878 to study law. He returned to India before completing to pursue the career as a poet and writer. He started writing poems at his early age of eight.

A Literary Person:

He was the greatest literary person and was a genius, being a renowned poet, novelist, playwright, story teller, visual artist, a philosopher and educationist. He wrote originally in Bengali but later translated it into English. His world famous work of lyrics is Gitanjali, for which he won the Nobel Prize in Literature in1913. He was the first Asian to win this prize.

Prolific Writer:

The Indian National Anthem Jana Ganga Mana was written by him. His contribution towards the Indian literature is very vast and unforgettable. His writings were path-breaking and revolutionary.


He was a great philosopher and influenced Indian people during the freedom struggle. He was a great lover of his country, of humanity and children. He set up his school, Shantiniketan on the model of the ancient Indian gurukuls. Shantiniketan became a university later.

A Cultural Ambassador:

Tagore travelled widely to spread voice to the country and his thoughts and ideas, including Indian philosophy and culture. He visited thirty countries in five continents. In these travels, he got opportunity to talk with many notable persons of his time.

His Heritage:

He died on 8th August 1941 at the age of 80 years. Even after many decades of death, Tagore’s legacy continues in many ways including Rabindra Sangeet.

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore – Childhood, Education, Marriage, Family Life, Social Work, Independence Movement and Death (Essay 4 – 400 Words)


Rabindranath Tagore is an extraordinary multifaceted personality, who lived in an unusual period of history in India. He was a writer, poet, philosopher and educator from Calcutta, Bengal. An admirer of both traditional Indian and modern Western cultures, he manifested the beauty of Indian culture to the West.

Childhood & Education:

Born on May 7, 1861 to Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi, Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest child of a large wealthy Brahmin family. He followed the footsteps of his father and assimilated the principles of Brahmo Samaj. He was not interested in formal education but was helped by his siblings in the overall intellectual and physical development. When his father sent him to England to learn law, he again forsook school and studied English poetry.

Marriage & Family Life:

His marriage life with Mrinalini Devi from 1883 was short-lived with her death in 1902. Two of his five children and his father also died in the same period. Though he was deeply affected by the tragedy, he continued to live in his Santiniketan Ashram. His anguish over the loss is expressed in some of his works.

Literary & Social Work:

When Rabindranath Tagore returned after his unsuccessful quest for studies in England, he published his literary works widely in Bengali including poetry, essays, novels, dramas, songs etc. Notable ones include Gitanjali, Chokher Bali, The Postmaster, Gora, Kabuliwallah, Sadhana, Sheshar Kabita, Ghare Baire, Nastanirh etc. He also managed his father’s estates. He understood the life of common people in that exercise. He sympathised with their sufferings and collected meagre token rents from them.

Philosopher & Educator:

The impact of the Brahmo Samaj philosophies combined with his exposure in England helped him to establish an experiment school at Santiniketan in 1901. In twenty years, it became the famous Visva Bharati University, an amalgamation of Indian and Western learning that attracted pupils from far and wide.

Travel & Translation:

1912 marked the turning point in his life, when Rabindranath Tagore travelled again to England. His voyage offered the opportunity to translate his Gitanjali in English. It was well received in London through the famous English Poet, W.B. Yeats. He became famous immediately and it also got him the Nobel Prize for Literature, the first ever received by a person from the East. After that, he visited almost 30 countries from five continents and met all sorts of people including scientists, politicians, educators etc. He got involved in multifarious activities with an intention to promote world peace.

Nationalism & Independence Movement:

More than nationalism, he was devoted to spiritualism and promoted universal peace through his lectures. However, Rabindranath Tagore was a supporter of Mahatma Gandhi and his nationalist movement. Following the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919, he disowned the knighthood offered to him in 1915 by the British Government. He is the author of the National Anthems of both India and Bangladesh.

Last Days & Death:

Rabindranath Tagore died at the age of 80 years on August 7, 1941. Though he suffered from illness during the last five years of his life, his final poem was written a week before his death.


The life and work of Rabindranath Tagore is an inspiration to all. His desire to bring forth the best of Indian tradition, Western Science and Western Culture nurtured the dignity, both of the worlds had for each other. That was an astounding work in an era void of social media and internet.

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore (Essay 5 – 500 Words)

Rabindranath Tagore is hailed as one of the biggest Indian poets of his generation and his verse and prose are considered to be unique in the way they relate with the day to day activates and yet stay fresh as ever.

Such was his profound contribution to Indian literature that he became the first non-European to be conferred with a Nobel Prize in literature. Born in Calcutta, Tagore wasn’t the brightest of student during his school years. He always had a creative streak in him which meant that he had a hard time focussing at formal education in school. He was attracted to drama, prose, verse and other creative avenues but his grades didn’t reflect the best.

The Family Life:

He was the youngest of the thirteen siblings and was nicknamed Rabi. Born in Bengali household, he was raised mostly by the servants as his mother passed away when he was little. His father used to travel often leaving him in the company of servants.

Rabindranath Tagore received great classical music lessons ever since he was a child as his father used to send professional musicians to their home. His eldest brother was also a philosopher and poet and his family had an educational bent of mind.

Rabindranath Tagore however detested the concept of classroom schooling. He was a keen observer and often sought inspiration from various places. One of his brother’s wife had a strong influence on Rabindranath Tagore, however, she committed suicide abruptly; and it left a scar on him.

His Works:

Some of his work has been phenomenal at illustrating the then real state of Bengal. He didn’t believe in writing farfetched stories as he often reflected what he saw and felt. The best thing about Rabindranath Tagore and his writing has to be the ease with which one can visualize the emotions and see the story being painted in reality.

He is also best known for the art of using colloquial language in Bengali literature and breaking free from the shackles of the traditional model. His work was liked so much by most people that it has been translated into innumerable languages to be read by scholars all over the world.

Rabindranath Tagore has been bestowed with introducing the Indian culture to the west and even today, Rabindranath Tagore is hailed as one of the top gifts to Indian literature.

Manasi is one of his best work and shows how his writing has matured and gave way to the genius he truly was. Some of his poems also took the form of social satire and even political one because like we said, he wanted to showcase reality through his writings.

The writing of Rabindranath Tagore often showcases the humble life and miseries of too many people. The poise and poignancy in his writings show the genuine man Rabindranath Tagore truly was. No doubt, by going through his books and reading his verse, one can get an idea of what a gem he was! He was more than just another poet and a writer; he is hailed as the true legend of Indian literature!

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore – For School Students (Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 Standard) (Essay 6 – 600 Words)


Rabindranath Tagore was born to a family of thinkers. Apart from this, his family constituted of cultural and social leaders as well as reformers. He was a great poet, writer, novelist, and most importantly he was a great humanist.

Early Life:

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 1861 to Maharishi Devendranath and Sharda Devi in Kolkata. He had 13 siblings and he was the youngest of all. He was never interested in formal schooling. Although his brother convinced him to go to England to study, he could not complete his studies there and returned back to India. He had more interest in his country and human relations.

His Thoughts:

Rabindranath Tagore had the opportunity to travel to many countries and regions across Asia, America and Europe. He never supported boundaries, discrimination and divisions. His aim was to motivate people to come closer to each other. He used the tools of love, peace and brotherhood along with poetry in order to achieve this aim.


Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on 13 November 1913. It was given to him for his collection of poems titled Geetanjali. Rabindranath Tagore was, in fact, the first Indian to have received such an honour.

Additionally, Rabindranath Tagore also received the title of Knighthood from the British Crown in the year 1915. However, owing to the Jallianwala Bagh mass killing by the British in Amritsar he returned back the title back in 1919.

His Writings:

Rabindranath Tagore left Sheildah in the year 191 and went to Shantiniketan in West Bengal. He set up an ashram there. Unfortunately, it was here that he lost his wife and two children. Rabindranath Tagore was a great writer. In 1890 he wrote Manasi which was a collection of poems. Moreover, he mostly wrote in Bengali. His other famous writings include Chitra, Kalpana and Sonar Tari.

Writing of the Anthem:

Rabindranath Tagore is credited to have written the national anthem of India. Apart from this, he wrote the national anthem of two other countries. In fact, he is the only person who is credited to have written a national anthem for three countries. The national anthem of Bangladesh, Amar Shona Bangla was written by him. Also, the national anthem of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Matha was written by Rabindranath Tagore. It was at first written by him in Bengali. Later, it was his student Ananda Samarakoon who translated into Sinhala.

Political Views:

Rabindranath Tagore was quite vocal of his views on different political movements. He was not in favour of the Swadeshi Movement. In fact, he was more supportive of the intellectual upliftment of the people. He also did not favour European colonialism. His views often were in conflict with the view of Mahatma Gandhi and other political leaders. Globalisation was something he was able to visualise even during those times.


Rabindranath Tagore lost consciousness in the year 1937. He suffered from a lot of pain and sickness in the last four years of his life. After remaining in coma for a long period he regained consciousness but soon went back to coma. In between this period, he did write some poems. He eventually died on 7 August 1941 in Kolkata at the age of 80.


Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet and a leader. His writings are an inspiration for all even today. He wanted to see peace and harmony in the world. Often, he used to say that he wanted to be born in India again. We must all learn his preaching and inculcate them in our daily lives. Only then we can pay our true tribute to this great writer and poet.

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore – For College and University Students (Essay 7 – 750 Words)

Rabindranath Tagore is a famous poet from an early age and still, now he is one of the most appreciated poets of all times. His works in all form of literature are world famous and some of the genres are short stories, poems, songs, dramas, essays, etc. Rabindranath Tagore was also famous for his contributions in painting, philosophy, etc.

Birth and Life:

Rabindranath Tagore was born in Jorasanka situated in Kolkata on the 7th of May in the year 1861. He lived with his father, Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, his mother, Sarada Devi and siblings in the ancestral home. Rabindranath Tagore was born among fourteen children and was unique from all of them from the birth.

Rabindranath Tagore acquired knowledge through private teachers who taught him different subjects in the home and proper education was completed through this. Rabindranath Tagore, later on, went to England for higher studies where he could not find a better educational strategy and returned back to India.

Rabindranath Tagore was attracted to poetry and writing since his childhood which always pushed him to write new ones often. His poetry got published in a magazine of that time when Rabindranath Tagore was at the age of sixteen.

Achievements as a Patriot, a Humanist and a Poet:

The dissatisfaction he felt while experiencing the traditional education system in England inspired him to start an institution in India. The now known as Vishwabharati University in Santiniketan was founded by Rabindranath Tagore which was initially a school. Then the school got converted to a college and later on as a renowned university in our country.

Along with being a talented poet Rabindranath Tagore was also known for his other talents like being a humanist, philosopher, patriot, novelist, singer, essayist, etc. He was gifted personnel since his childhood and was appreciated for whatever work he did.

Rabindranath Tagore used his talents and works to spread the beauty of our country and its culture all around the world. One of his famous poem Geetanjali written in his native language was converted to English by Rabindranath Tagore during his long travel to England. Later on, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1913 for this English translated work and wore the honor of being the first ever non-western individual to win such an award.

Rabindranath Tagore used every character emotional and mystical approach to sculpting a work that gained him all his glory. He was a genius philosopher who used all his word plays to attract and influence the Indian people in time of freedom fights to follow his path and support him. Rabindranath Tagore was a poet who loved to stick to the Bengali language when it comes to his works.

Rabindranath Tagore composed two of the famous songs and that belongs to the Rabindra Sangeet series which is still celebrated as the national anthem of two different countries. One of the songs is India’s national anthem, Jana Gana Mana and the other is the national anthem of Bangladesh, Amar Shonary Bangla. Rabindranath Tagore never missed mentioning social, cultural and moral issues in his poems, songs and other form of works.

Rabindranath Tagore was so patriotic that he rejected and gave back the honorary Knighthood award that British people awarded him in the year 1919 as a protesting gesture against the unethical act of Jallianwala Bagh massacre, where hundreds of people including women and children were killed by the British officials.

Later on, Rabindranath Tagore participated and led many nationalist movements along with other freedom fighters. Rabindranath Tagore was a great friend of Mahatma Gandhi which also motivated him to work for the independence of India.

Rabindranath Tagore always tried to give a spark of unity in the minds of Indian citizen through his works and poetries so that they all can work together for the independence. Rabindranath Tagore used his stories to spread peace and harmony among every kind of people who rather fought over their differences like religion, caste, color, etc.

Some of the famous composition other than national anthem was Puravi by Rabindranath Tagore. In this series, he introduced a collection of morning and evening songs that talked about many moral, religious, political and socially important issues of his times. Rabindranath Tagore used his pen and paper to discuss many difficulties faced by fellow people.

The famous writing Galpaguccha written by Rabindranath Tagore narrated a group of stories showing and putting light on the harder life of Indian people filled with poverty, discrimination, backwardness, and illiteracy.

Rabindranath Tagore was a religious man with a lot of spiritual mindsets. This belief has helped him in getting out of the hardships during the crisis. Rabindranath Tagore has contributed his life and work for his country and unfortunately died even before witnessing the independence of India on 7th of August in the year 1941.

Long Essay on Rabindranath Tagore (Essay 8 – 1000 Words)


Rabindranath Tagore is the composer of Indian National Anthem (Jana Gana Mana) who had also won the Nobel Award for Literature. Besides being a composer, he was also a Brahmo Samaj philosopher, Bengali poet, playwright, visual artist, painter as well as a novelist.

Rabindranath Tagore was also a social activist who changed Bengali literature by discouraging the limits that constrained it inside the scope of traditional Indian systems. Although Rabindranath Tagore was a sage still his fictional works made him a true and famous Indian personality. In fact today also people remember him for his mercurial and spiritual songs. People of different countries admired his work and awarded him the Nobel Prize which made him the first Non-European to receive that award.

Childhood and Early Life of Rabindranath Tagore:

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7.05.1861 in Calcutta. His father’s name was Debendranath Tagore and his mother’s name was Sarada Devi. They both had 13 kids and Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest among them.

Rabindranath Tagore lost his mother at a very young age and during this time he joined the Bengal renaissance. He was also a wonderful boy that began to write poetries at the young age of 8 years. By the time he reached the age of 16, his poems had already started being published in the “Bhanusimha”.

In 1877, Rabindranath Tagore wrote ‘Bhikharini’ (a short story) and in 1882 he wrote ‘Sandhya Sangit’ (a collection of poems). His elder brother named Dwijendranath was also a philosopher and poet. His elder sister named Swarna Kumari was a renowned author.

Education of Rabindranath Tagore:

The education of Rabindranath Tagore began in the public school of England as his father wanted him to become a lawyer. Later on, his niece, nephew, and sister-in-law also joined him in England for supporting him.

Rabindranath Tagore hated the concept of formal education. Afterward, he joined London’s University for learning about the law. Soon he dropped out from the university and started reading the Shakespeare writings that helped him in knowing the core of Irish, Music, English, and Scottish literature. After coming back to India and Rabindranath Tagore wedded Mrinalini Devi who was only 10 years old at that time.

Establishment of Santiniketan by Rabindranath Tagore:

The father of Rabindranath Tagore had purchased a massive area in Santiniketan. Rabindranath Tagore desired to construct an experimental school at this place. In the year 1901, he founded an ashram in Santiniketan.

Santiniketan was named as ‘The Mandir’ in which there was a big prayer hall along with the flooring of marble. Rabindranath Tagore conducted the classes under the trees so that the old-style of teaching i.e., Guru-Shishya did not get vanished.

Unluckily, during his stay in Santiniketan, his 2 kids and wife passed away which left Rabindranath Tagore disturbed. In the intervening time, the works of Rabindranath Tagore started getting recognition among the foreign and Bengali readers. Ultimately he was appreciated in the entire world.

Literary Works by Rabindranath Tagore:

Rabindranath Tagore composed numerous books, poems and short stories in the period of his lifetime. It is true that he began to write at an earlier age but after the demise of his kids and wife his literary works increased.

The following are the literary works by Rabindranath Tagore:

1. Short Stories:

Rabindranath Tagore started writing short stories in his teenage. His first story was ‘Bhikharini’. His stories imitated the environments in which he was raised.

Rabindranath Tagore also tried to include social problems of the deprived people in his short stories. Moreover, he wrote regarding the shortcoming of Hindu weddings and numerous other traditions of the nation. The popular short stories written by Rabindranath Tagore comprise ‘Kshudita Pashan’, ‘Kabuliwala’, ‘Haimanti, ‘Atottju’, ‘Musalmanir Golpo’ and many more.

2. Novels:

It is believed that the novels written by Rabindranath Tagore were under-valued among all his incredible works. The main cause behind this could be the exceptional style of Rabindranath Tagore in describing a story that is still tough to understand by readers of his time as well as by readers of today.

The works of Rabindranath Tagore state about the future threats of nationalism in the middle of other pertinent social ills. His famous novel called ‘Shesher Kobita’ described the story of the main central character with the help of rhythmic passages and poems. Few renowned novels of Rabindranath Tagore consist of ‘Gora’, ‘Noukadubi’, ‘Ghare Baire’, ‘Chaturanga’, and ‘Jogajog’.

3. Poems:

Rabindranath Tagore got motivation from historical poets such as Ramprasad Sen and Kabir and that is why his poems are frequently related to works of traditional poets belonging to the 15th and 16th century.

With the infusion of his personal writing style, Rabindranath Tagore easily made the people take notice of his works. In the year 1893, he wrote down a poem and talked about the future writer with his work. Rabindranath Tagore advised the future poets to remember him and his works while reciting the poem. The best poems written by Rabindranath Tagore consists of ‘Purobi’, ‘Balaka’, ‘Gitanjali’ and ‘Sonar Tori’.

Last Days and Death of Rabindranath Tagore:

The last 4 years of Rabindranath Tagore’s life was spent in endless pain. He was infested by 2 elongated attacks of sickness. He was affected by an exhausted disorder in the year 1937 that got worsened after a period of 3 years. Afterward, a lengthy period of distress, on 7th August 1941 Rabindranath Tagore passed away in the similar Jorasanko hall in which he had spent his early years of life.


Rabindranath Tagore transformed the approach through which Bengali literature was observed. He left a never-ending impression on numerous people. Despite his statues and sculptures in numerous nations, there are several annual events that are organized to pay honor to the fabulous poet.

Lots of Rabindranath Tagore’s works were made global with the help of translations by various renowned global writers. There are 5 museums that are devoted to Rabindranath Tagore in which 2 are located in Bangladesh and 3 are situated in India. Today Millions of people visit these museums to know more about the works of the Rabindranath Tagore.


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