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Essay on Subhas Chandra Bose

Essay on Subhas Chandra Bose! Find high quality essays on ‘Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’ especially written for school, college and university students. These essays will also guide you to learn about the childhood, education, marriage, family life, social work, independence movement and death of Subhas Chandra Bose.

There were many leaders who were prominent during India’s struggle for independence. Subhas Chandra Bose was one such leader who is very fierce and admired by all.

Subhash Chandra Bose who is also known as “Netaji” was one of the famous fighters who participate in the freedom of India. He possessed an odd bravery, self-confidence and persistent trust in his capabilities. He taught all the Indians to love homeland from the inmost heart’s core. He was able to set up his own army.

Subhas Chandra Bose was even successful in taking over Andaman and Nicobar islands from the British. He gave us the slogan “Give me Blood and I will give you Freedom”. It is important for the students of today to know about this great leader. His life is an inspiration to all.

Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for school students (Class 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 Standard) and college students.

List of Essays on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

Essay on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose – Short Essay (Essay 1 – 150 Words)

The Early Life of Subhas Chandra Bose:

Subhas Chandra Bose was rightly known as the man with an iron personality. Born in Kolkata, India in 1897 to an upper-middle-class family, Subhas was the son of Shri Janakinath Bose and Shrimati Prabhabati Dutta Bose. Subhas was a boy of extraordinary intelligence and immense self-respect. Born in British colonized India, Subhas Bose dreamt of an independent India right from his childhood.


He finished his schooling from Ravenshaw Collegiate School, and then graduated from Scottish Church College.

Political Activities with Congress:

A ‘swadeshi’ by heart, Subhas Chandra Bose joined the Indian National Congress in 1939 and left in 1940 after he had a verbal dispute with the leaders of the party. According to Subhas, freedom cannot be earned only through non-violent attempts, but it requires bloodshed, too.

Formation of INA:

Subhas Chandra Bose managed to escape from his residence in 1940, where he was kept on house arrest by the then British rulers. Bose, the epitome of intelligence and a fearless fighter managed to trail across the globe, meeting influential leaders from Germany, Italy, and Japan and ultimately formed the INA (Indian National Army) in 1941. Netaji Subhas Chandra was a real spirited Indian who chanted the legendary words, “Give me blood, and I will give you freedom.”

Tragic End:

Even the daring Subhas Chandra Bose couldn’t change his destiny as on 18th August 1945; he faced his tragic end when his aircraft crashed while he was heading towards Japan. However, many critics won’t accept these theories floated by various government agencies, and a great number of people believe that he had miraculously escaped in the air crash and lived like a hermit for some time in northern part of India. The mystery surrounding his last pace of life is a hot subject still in India.

Essay on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose – 10 Lines on Subhas Chandra Bose Written in English (Essay 2 – 250 Words)

Subhas Chandra Bose was a famous patriot who served for India in the freedom struggles and fights. He was a rebel who believed in violence as a way of fighting against the British ruling. Subhas Chandra Bose left his home only to serve for his country and fight for its independence. He was also famously known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose among his fellow followers.

Birth and Life:

Subhas Chandra Bose was born in the place Cuttack, Orissa as the son of Janaki Nath Bose and Prabhabati Devi, on January 23rd in the year 1897. He belonged to a rich Hindu family and was born along with fourteen children as the ninth one. He did his schooling in his native place and completed the matriculation degree in Calcutta. Subhas Chandra Bose did his B.A. degree in the year 1918 from a university in Calcutta too.

Subhas Chandra Bose was brave and strong ever since he was a child and was attracted to the violent way of achieving his goals. Even after passing the ICS examination, he chose his motherland over it and joined the Non-Cooperation Movement. He followed the path and got influenced by Desabandhu Chittaranjan Das during his freedom fights.

Subhas Chandra Bose strictly believed that only violence can get us freedom over the British rules, which resulted in him quitting from Indian National Congress, where he was awarded a higher post. Differences between Mahatma Gandhi’s ideology and his ideology made him take this decision.

Subhas Chandra Bose, even though he was born with all his luxury and comfort, left them behind and worked hard for the independence of India. He was a true inspiration for many youths of that time.

Essay on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose – For School Students (Class 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 Standard) (Essay 3 – 300 Words)

Subhash Chandra Bose, famous as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, was a great patriot and brave freedom fighter. He was the cause of Indian independence movement.

Early Life:

Subhash Chandra was born on 23rd January 1897 in Cuttack. His early education was in Anglo-Indian School in Cuttack and graduation in Philosophy from Scottish Church College, University of Calcutta. He passed I.C.S. Examination but did not join civil services.

Independence Movement:

Subhash Chandra was influenced by Desabandhu Chittaranjan Das and he joined non-cooperation movement for his motherland’s freedom. He was the President of Indian National Congress (INC) from 1938 to 1939 but left INC because of some ideological differences with Mahatma Gandhi. He waged a lone battle against the British when other leaders were behind the bars. He did not believe in the principle of non-violence and thought that the freedom can be achieved only by sacrifice.

Azad Hind Fauj (INA):

To fight with the British rule, During World War II, he went to Germany and founded Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA) in 1942, with the help of some Indian Prisoners of war and Indian residents there, to fight for India’s independence. INA had a violent fight with Anglo-American Forces. Unfortunately, INA was forced to surrender including Netaji.

Freedom Struggle:

Subhash Chandra was a very brave and ambitious Indian who led movement against the British rule for independence or freedom for the country. Everything else was relegated to a second position. He died in a plane crash at inland of Formosa in Taiwan in 1945 while going to Tokyo. The news of his death ended all the hopes of his INA to fight British rulers in India. Even after his death, he is an everlasting inspiration and still alive with his energetic nationalism in the heart of Indian people.

Essay on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (Essay 4 – 400 Words)


Subash Chandra Bose fondly called as Netaji was an iconic Indian freedom fighter and is considered as the cause of Indian Freedom. He was the president of Indian National Congress and founded the All India Forward Bloc movement and later recognized as the founder of the Azad Hind Fauj or the Indian Nation Army.


Subash Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, on the 23rd of January 1897. He finished his schoolings at Protestant European School and Ravenshaw Collegiate School. He joined Presidency College and after his short stint there, he moved to the Scottish Church College at the University of Calcutta to get his BA in Philosophy. He promised his father to clear the Indian civil Service ICS Exams. He came fourth but gave up his job as he didn’t want to work under an alien government.

Freedom Movement:

He started a newspaper during the freedom struggle called Swaraj. He became the president of Indian National Congress. However, due to the political pressures, Bose had to resign his post to allow the INC to function. He called for a mass civil disobedience movement against the then Lord, Lord Viceroy. However, Bose did not get support from many of the prominent leaders like MK Gandhi or Jawaharlal Nehru. He was arrested and released subsequently owing to his seven-day hunger strike in the prison. He then escaped to Germany where he planned strategically to evacuate the Britishers during the World War II. He sought the help of Nazis from Germany and Imperials from Japan. In later days, he led the Indian powers from abroad to fight against the Western powers. He was imprisoned many times because of his regressive approaches aiming for a free and Independent India.


Subash Chandra Bose reportedly did not survive an air crash on August 18th, 1945. There are many discrepancies going on till date about his reported death, however, the government of West Bengal claimed his death to be true by supporting shreds of evidence.


Netaji Subash Chandra Bose was a one-man army who is well known for his militant approach in the freedom movement. He had been the striving force to bring about a lot of socialist policies. He believed in the need of socialist authoritarianism for achieving his dream of Independent India. Though Netaji Subash Chandra Bose is not amidst us, to witness Independent India, he is a leader that the whole nation is proud of. There are still worshippers of him around the globe.

Essay on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose – Early Life, Career, Demise and Controversies (Essay 5 – 500 Words)

Subhash Chandra Bose who is also known as “Netaji” was one of the famous fighters who participate in the freedom of India. He possessed an odd bravery, self-confidence and persistent trust in his capabilities. He taught all the Indians to love homeland from the inmost heart’s core.

Early Life of Subhash Chandra Bose:

Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa partition, Bengal Area in the home of Prabhavati Devi as well as Janakinath Bose who was an advocate. There were 14 children in his family. Being a student, Subhash Chandra Bose possesses an incredible brainpower and was brilliant and excellent educationally.

Career and Profession of Subhash Chandra Bose:

From the college days, the patriotic traits of Subhash Chandra Bose became noticeable. He battered his Lecturer for having anti-India remarks and was disqualified for it, displaying the defiant nature he owned.

Subhash Chandra Bose was a man of his word and he assured his dad that he would perform in the exams of Indian Civil Services and as per the expectation, he cleared the exam meritoriously. He got an overall 4th rank in the exams.

Subhash Chandra Bose was originally the leader of the INC (Indian National Congress) for 2 sequential terms. He reinforced the notion of India’s full independence. He conflicts the non-violence principles of “Bapu” or Karam Chand Gandhi as Subhash Chandra Bose thinks that non-violent approaches would certainly not be adequate to get a fully independent position for India. It makes him part away from the Congress party and creating a track of his individual.

Later, Subhash Chandra Bose made the ‘All India Forward Bloc’ which was a distinct group for carrying on his struggles for the immediate freedom of India. Due to his numerous efforts, he was detained 11 times by the British leaders.

Subhash Chandra Bose also made efforts to get associated with the Japanese government and German Nazi government to get independence from the British. At this time, he also made the “Azad Hind Fauj”.

Demise and the Controversies of Subhash Chandra Bose:

The demise of Subhash Chandra Bose is undoubtedly one of the major controversies not merely in India but also for the entire world. The authorized reports state that he passes away on 18.08.1945 in an airplane crash that was departed from Manchuria towards the Bangkok.

But even afterward the period of 72 years of Subhash Chandra Bose’s death, still there is no clearness that whether he really passed away in that airplane crash or it was only a cover-up for escaping him to Russia, in order to hide from the British.

One more famous belief is that Subhash Chandra Bose did not die, however, got back to India and survived as a loner in Faizabad as ‘Gumnami Baba’. Eventually, in the year 2016, the authorities of Japan have verified that Bose did certainly pass away in the airplane crash.


In spite of having a diverse set of opinions, Subhash Chandra Bose certainly had a real nationalistic soul that was acknowledged even by the people in the rule at that time. He will surely always be recalled as a courageous leader, nationalist and a gentleman of greatness.

Essay on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose – A Short Biography (Essay 6 – 600 Words)


Subhas Chandra Bose was one the prominent freedom fighters of India. He played a major role in India’s struggle for independence from the British Rule. He was a young and fierce leader who was respected and followed by not only in India but in other countries as well.

Early Years:

Subhas Chandra Bose was born to Janakinath Bose and Prabhabati Bose in Cuttack, Orissa on 23rd January 1897. He was the ninth kid among eight siblings and six sisters. His dad, Janakinath Bose, was a wealthy and successful legal advisor in Cuttack and got the title of “Rai Bahadur”. Subhas Chandra Bose was a splendid student. He passed his B.A. in Philosophy from the Presidency College in Calcutta. Moreover, he was profoundly impacted by Swami Vivekananda’s lessons and was referred to for his energetic energy as a student.

Political Career:

At first, Subhas Chandra Bose worked under Chittaranjan Das, a member from the Congress in Calcutta. Subhas Chandra Bose viewed Chittaranjan Das as his political master. He himself began the paper ‘Swaraj’, edited Das’ paper ‘Forward’ and as the CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation worked under Das’ who himself was a Mayor.

Differences with Congress:

In 1928, during the Guwahati Session of the Congress, there was a difference of opinions between the new and the old members of the Congress. Although youthful members wanted “total self-rule and with no bargain’, the seniors were agreeable to the “domain status for India inside the British principle”. The gaps between moderate Gandhi and dynamic Subhas Chandra Bose expanded to unfriendly degrees and Subhas Chandra Bose chose to leave the group in 1939. He formed the Forward Bloc that year.

Formation of INA:

In January 1941, Subhas Chandra Bose escaped and reached Berlin, Germany by means of a bypass through Peshawar. Germans guaranteed him their full help. Moreover, he was successful in attracting the loyalty of Japan as well. He took a risky adventure back east and reached Japan. There he was able to form an army of more than 40,000 fighters who had come from Singapore and other South East Asian areas.

He named his military the ‘Indian National Army’ (INA). Along with his army him he was able to capture the Andaman and Nicobar islands from the British and renamed it as Shaheed and Swaraj Islands. Thereafter, a provisional “Azad Hind Government” began ruling the islands. The INA or the Azad Hind Fauj looking for India as the next stop crossed Burma Border. It set up on Indian soil on March 18, 1944. However, fate had other things in store. The tide of the World War turned and the Japanese and German powers surrendered which constrained him to cancel further progression.

The Mystery of Death of Subhas Chandra Bose:

After the retreat, Subhas Chandra vanished mysteriously. It is said that he returned to Singapore. There he met Field Marshal Hisaichi Terauchi, leader of South East Asia who arranged him a trip to Tokyo. He boarded a Mitsubishi Ki-21 aircraft from Saigon Airport on August 17, 1945. The next day the plane crashed soon after take-off following a night end in Taiwan. Witnesses report that Subhas Chandra Bose suffered from third-degree burns. He succumbed to his wounds on Aug 18, 1945. Eventually, he was cremated on August 20 in Taihoku Crematorium and his ashes were kept at the Renkoji Temple of Nichiren Buddhism in Tokyo. Since then his remains have been kept there.

The government of India set up various advisory groups to research the case. First, the Figgess Report in 1946 and after that the Shah Nawaz Committee in 1956, concluded that Subahs Chandra Bose had without a doubt died in the accident in Taiwan. However, it still remains a mystery as to what happened on that fateful day. Maybe someday the people would come to the terms of what happened to Subhas Chandra Bose, the person everyone admired so much.

Essay on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose – For College and University Students (Essay 7 – 750 Words)

“Subhas Chandra Bose” is one of the most influential leaders during the hard fought battle of Indian Freedom movement. He revived the freedom movement and gave the inspiring slogan of, “Give me blood and I will give you freedom.” The slogan ‘Jai Hind’ which is on the lips of every Indian is also the contribution of our beloved leader “Subhas Chandra Bose”. His popularity amongst the common was so influential that for his exemplary valor and bravery he was fondly called ‘Netaji’.

Early Life:

Netaji “Subhas Chandra Bose” was born on January 23, 1897. He was the son of Prabhabati and Janakinath Bose. Mother of “Subhas Chandra Bose” was a pious lady and a wise mother who dedicated her life in the upbringing of her children. His father Jankinath Bose was a famous and wealthy lawyer in Cuttack. At school “Subhas Chandra Bose” was the most intelligent student in his class. He completed his Bachelor’s Degree in Arts in 1919 from Scottish Church College. He went to England for further studies and passed the Indian Civil Service (I.C.S.) examination. But at the same time Non – cooperation movement was gaining momentum in India. “Subhas Chandra Bose” resigned from the I.C.S. post and came back to India to serve his country.

Active Part in Freedom Struggle:

“Subhas Chandra Bose was deeply influenced by the virtues of Chittaranjan Das in 1921. He participated in various movements of freedom struggle and was also jailed many times. “Subhas Chandra Bose” was elected as the President of Haripura Congress session in the year 1938. Unfortunately, he had differences with the Congress on the method of getting independence. Owing to these differences he left the post of President and also the Congress. Later “Subhas Chandra Bose” formed his own party called the Forward Bloc. Due to his fierce approach and rising popularity, he was kept under house arrest by the British. Netaji managed to elope in the disguise of an Afghan. He reached Germany to seek the help of Hitler as he was a common enemy of the British. Hitler was very impressed by the bravery and charisma of Netaji “Subhas Chandra Bose”. Hitler helped Netaji to raise and train the Indian National Army (I.N.A.) formed with the Indian war prisoners.

Indian National Army:

During the Second World War, “Subhas Chandra Bose”, an extremist freedom fighter, organized the Indian National Army also known as Azad Hind Sena. This army was made of Indian soldiers and officers who had been made prisoners of war by the Japanese Army. Netaji “Subhas Chandra Bose” gave the revolutionary slogans of ‘Jai Hind’ and ‘Chalo Delhi’. In the year 1944, the Indian National Army, under the leadership of “Subhas Chandra Bose” along with the Japanese troops moved their campaign into the Indo-Burma border through Imphal-Kohima region. They bravely fought the British and Commonwealth forces, but were defeated. In spite of the defeat, the inspiring heroism of “Subhas Chandra Bose” and the valor of I.N.A. soldiers embodied the exemplary strength of the anti-imperialist struggle in India. Netaji also formed an all women regiment called the Rani Laxmi Bai regiment. Brave women soldiers were trained to be a part of this regiment. These women soldiers took active participation in the military operations of I.N.A. against the British Raj.

Literature Written by “Subhas Chandra Bose”:

“Subhas Chandra Bose” was a brilliant academician and wrote exceptional literature to promote patriotism through his books. Few of the books that “Subhas Chandra Bose” wrote are – An Indian Pilgrimage, Words of Freedom-Ideas of a Nation, The Indian Struggle, Azad Hind and many more. He also wrote books in Bengali like Jaruri Kichu Lekha. Netaji. “Subhas Chandra Bose” fought against the British to gain complete freedom which he portrayed in his writings as well.

Mysterious Death of Netaji:

“Subhas Chandra Bose” died early at the age of 48 years, on 18th August 1945. It has been 73 years since the declared death of Netaji but the mystery surrounding his death is still alive. After the surrender of Japanese forces during World World II, the Indian National Army retrieved and suspended the mission. “Subhas Chandra Bose” left on a plane, but his plane encountered an unfortunate crash near Japanese-ruled Formosa, now known as Taiwan. Several theories can be assessed regarding the death of “Subhas Chandra Bose”. Many claim that Netaji did not die in the crash. Some books like “India’s biggest cover-up” by Anuj Dhar state this theory.


“Subhas Chandra Bose” is an icon of the Indian freedom struggle. He ignited the true spirit of patriotism in the hearts and minds of all the Indians. Netaji will be remembered as the torchbearer of martyrdom, sacrifice and an epitome of bravery.

Essay on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose – Long Essay (Essay 8 – 1000 Words)


Subhas Chandra Bose is seen as the symbol of courage and patriotism. He is the pride of Bengal and a great inspiration to all Indians even today. The immense self-confidence and stubbornness that Subhas Chandra Bose possessed made him stand apart from all the other freedom fighters. The slogan ‘Delhi Chalo’ (March to Delhi) used by Subhas Chandra Bose still roars in the ears of every Indian national. Subhas Chandra Bose was not only a freedom fighter but a great leader, powerful orator and also a social reformer.

Early Life, Education and Career:

Subhas Chandra Bose was born in a Hindu Kayastha family to Janakinath Bose and Prabhabati Devi on 23rd January 1897 in Cuttack. He was the ninth kid among the fourteen children of his parents. Subhas Chandra Bose was a bright student; he completed schooling in his hometown Cuttack and did his Bachelor’s degree from the University of Calcutta.

During those days his aim was to study well, secure a high official position in the government sector and serve the country. So, he went to England to do his higher studies at Cambridge University. Subhas Chandra Bose secured fourth position in the Indian Civil Services (ICS) examination and was also selected to power. But his destiny did not allow him to continue his job.

Subhas Chandra Bose was attracted by Chittaranjan Das, who was a political leader from Bengal and he accepted him to be his mentor. Even at the age of sixteen, Subhas Chandra Bose was highly influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna. So he had great attachment to his religion and he never liked Indians being criticized and tortured in public. All these feelings bothered Subhas Chandra Bose. So, he resigned his Civil Service job stating that he doesn’t want to serve under a British government and returned to India.

Subhas Chandra Bose left his career and started involving actively in India’s freedom struggle.

Fearless Freedom Fighter:

As a first step towards freedom struggle and to liberate India from the British rule, Subhas Chandra Bose joined the Congress Movement. He was so determined, bold and very focused that he was elected as the President of All India Youth Congress and the Secretary of Bengal State Congress. He was also selected as the Mayor of Calcutta and later worked as the Chief Executive Officer of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation.

Subhas Chandra Bose was a mixture of brilliance and valor and so his ideologies were very peculiar. Due to this, he had differences with Mahatma Gandhi and few other Congress Leaders and so he left the Congress Party and formed his own party called the Forward Block in 1939. Although Subhas Chandra Bose’s ideas were liked by many leaders, he always chose a dangerous path and risked his own life which was not in unison with others.

Subhas Chandra Bose never feared the British army. He conducted an All India Anti-British Campaign in September 1939. He was arrested and sent to prison eleven times between 1920 and 1941. But nothing stopped Subhas Chandra Bose from fighting the British and showing his patriotism. He was even put under house-arrest but he escaped and reached Berlin, Germany where he was provided military training for two years by none other than Adolf Hitler. Subhas Chandra Bose was even promised help by the German forces to fight against British.

Founder of Indian National Army – Azad Hind Fauj:

Subhas Chandra Bose’s ultimate aim was to drive away British from India and he was ready to go to any extent to achieve this. During his stay in Germany, Subhas Chandra Bose created his own army by training the Indians who were residing in Germany and also the war prisoners from Germany, Japan and Italy. He succeeded in creating a full-fledged Indian National Army with 40,000 soldiers and this army was called ‘Azad Hind Fauj’.

Subhas Chandra Bose was the founder and commander of Azad Hind Fauj and with this army, he freed Andaman and Nicobar Islands and renamed them as Swaraj and Saheed Islands. He travelled to Japan and sought help from the government of Japan to help him in the freedom struggle.

With the reverberating slogan ‘Delhi Chalo’ and ‘Jai Hind’, Subhas Chandra Bose led his army of soldiers to wage war against the British with the support of Germany and Japan. But before the army could reach India, they heard the news of Japanese surrender to British. This made Subhas Chandra Bose to call off the war and he withdrew his army men.


The contribution of Subhas Chandra Bose to our country is beyond comparison. He left everything to serve his nation and to free India from the British rule. His writings in the newspaper ‘Swaraj’, inculcated patriotism and aggression in the minds of people. Besides founding an army on his own, he had also set up Azad Hind Bank in Rangoon with an initial capital of $50 million.

Subhas Chandra Bose had a great vision for India. He wanted to obtain freedom not only from the British rule but an entire freedom from all discretionary believes. He wanted equal rights for women in the society. He himself led an example to his vision by creating a powerful women wing in the Indian National Army who even involved in the guerrilla fighting in the jungles. Subhas Chandra Bose stressed upon social freedom.

The Indian soldiers in Germany fondly called Subhas Chandra Bose as ‘Netaji’ which means ‘Respected Leader’ and this title got attached to his name and people started calling him ‘Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’.

Last Days:

When the Indian National Army was forced to return due to the surrender of Japanese army, Subhas Chandra Bose decided to return to Tokyo to decide upon the next plan of action. But, unfortunately his plane crashed near Taipei leaving Indians in utter shock and grief. Subhas Chandra Bose was just 48 years old when he attained martyrdom. But there are lot of mysteries behind his death as the dead body of Subhas Chandra Bose was not found. So, many Indians believe that Subhas Chandra Bose is still alive.


Mother India has never seen such a fierceful leader like Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Even today, he is looked upon as a role model by many youngsters and uttering his name alone will instil courage in any person. Subhas Chandra Bose will always remain to be an exemplary leader in Indian History.


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