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Essay on Republic Day

Republic Day is the day when India adopted its constitution. It was on 26 January 1950 that the Government of India adopted the constitution and since then 26 January is celebrated as the Republic day of India. it holds a special place in the lives of all the citizens of the country and is also a national holiday for all. But what transpired before the adoption of the constitution and what it holds for us is what the students should understand. We have thus, prepared long essays for students along with some shorter ones to educate students on this topic of national importance. The essays for students prepared by us shall do this task of informing students about the importance of Republic Day.

Selected Essays on Republic Day of India (26th January) for Children and School Students.

Long and Short Essay on Republic Day | January 26th in English

Essay on Republic Day of India – Essay 1 (250 Words)

The Republic Day is celebrated on January 26 every year to mark an important day in the history of all Indians. India became an independent country on August 15, 1947 and then on January 26, 1950, the Constitution of India was established and the country was declared as Sovereign, Secular, Socialistic and Democratic Republic nation. This day reflects all the struggles of the people who fought for Indian independence.

Republic Day is celebrated with full zeal and enthusiasm all over the country and this day is declared as a gazette public holiday by the government of India. It is a matter of pride and honor to celebrate this significant day. There are cultural programs in schools, speeches, and other competitions like quiz, essays related to Indian freedom movement are organized. All over the nation, people hoist flags and sing national anthem.

The President of India presides over the parade of Indian Armed Forces in the capital of the nation, New Delhi. The parade is organized on Rajpath from Vijay Chowk to India Gate. In this parade, the Armed Forces display their vigor, enthusiasm and weaponry. It is followed by a cultural presentation by the States and Union Territories of India. All this display is fittingly preceded by the flag hoisting ceremony which is the most important part. It is accompanied by the singing of National Anthem.

On this day, bravery awards are also given to children and citizens of the nation to motivate people and bring them a sense of nationalism and pride to the nation.

Short Essay on the Importance of Republic Day – Essay 2 (150 Words)

The reason why Republic Day is of great importance is that, it was on this day Democracy entered India. Republic Day celebrates the day on which our Indian Constitution came into effect. A Constitution constitutes of a list of fundamental laws upon which a nation is to be governed.

Even after the Independence of India on August 15, 1947, we were still a Dominion of the British Empire, which meant, we were an Autonomous British Colony, who could govern ourselves independently but under a Constitutional Monarchy. Dr. Ambedkar with an assembly of 308 members worked for close to three years to draft our Constitution. The final copy was signed on 24th January, 1950. A couple of days later on January 26 our Constitution came into effect, completely dethroning the British monarchy of India. It was on this day we truly became an independent republic with a democratic government. To put it in layman terms, this was the day we started to govern ourselves by our own rules.

Short Essay on the Republic Day of India – Essay 3 (300 Words)

The Republic Day of India is celebrated every year on 26th January. It was the day on which India adopted its world renowned Constitution on 26th January 1950 and became a Sovereign Democratic Republic. India celebrates the Republic day with hearts filled with patriotism and enthusiasm in every nook and corner of the country.

After a long period of tyranny of the British Rule India became independent on 15 August 1947. In August 1947 Drafting Committee for making the Constitution was created. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the presiding chairman of this committee. This committee was given the huge task of preparing and planning the permanent Constitution of India. On 4th November 1947, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar submitted the final draft of the Constitution to Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the First President of India, but on 26 January 1950 the Constitution of India was fully enforced.

Celebrations on the Eve

The Indian Republic day is embarked by playing patriotic songs in every household, radio, television and even at every crossroad in the country. The air is filled with pride and enthusiasm. The Tricolour is first hoisted at the Red Fort in New Delhi by the Prime Minister of India and then it is unfurled across the country. The Indian national flag is hoisted with pride and the National Anthem is sung. The star attraction of this day is the great parade of the Indian Armed Forces, which is held at the Rajpath, New Delhi. The Indian Army, Navy and Airforce, give a spectacular demonstration of their weaponry and valour to the people of India and around the world. After the parade all the States of India and different ministries of Indian Government display their Tableau which beautifully showcases their culture and tradition under the theme of ‘Unity in Diversity in India’. Folk dances and songs of India are also presented by the school children.

On this day all the Indians are remembering the martyrs of the motherland and vow to make India a better and peaceful nation.

Essay on Republic Day of India (26th January) – Essay 4 (400 Words)

Republic day is one of the auspicious days in India that is celebrated by the Indians on 26th January. On this day, the Indian constitution got into force after getting freedom from the British in the year 1947.

This day is celebrated each year with the purpose of providing respect and remembering the day the Indian Constitution was made. The Government of India has also declared it as the national holiday.

Republic Day’s Celebration

The celebration of republic day always done with complete pride and enthusiasm in the country’s capital, i.e., New Delhi. The celebration begins with the speech of the President to the country. The day recalls the sacrifice of the leaders and martyrs who lost their lives for the nation’s benefit.

During this grand celebration, a parade held in New Delhi which starts from Vijaya Chowk and accomplishes on the India Gate. Moreover, the Indian Armed Forces including the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force do the march past also.

The presentation of numerous kinds of big guns, tanks, armaments and many other types of missiles too take place. The cadets of NCC and the police take part in the march past. The President of India also does the salutation to the Indian Flag.

Moreover, other nation’s presidents arrive in the ceremony as the guest for saluting the Indian National Flag. After the march past, the entire Indian states display their rallies and Jhankis along with the fold dance and songs that showcase their amazing tradition and culture.

It is also celebrated by the teachers and students in the school by organizing creative activities such as dance, parade, singing, essay writing, speech recitation, sports, drama play, and academic activities.

Award Distribution and Great Honors

On this day, the bravery awards are also distributed among the courageous kids and people of the nation. At the time of the parade, the entire honored winners are introduced to the public. The Veer Chakra Award along with the Padma award is also declared by the Indian Government. One of the leading civilian honors i.e., the award of ‘The Bharat Ratna’ is also given to the civilian who has magnificently contributed to the nation.


The celebration of republic day is done with full enthusiasm and passion in India. This day let us memorize the honored soldiers and leaders who have sacrificed their lives for the sake of our independence. It revives up the emotion of nationalism in each person of our country. Owing to this day, we also become familiar with the nation’s upcoming talent, courageous children and citizens of our nation.

Essay on Indian Republic Day – Essay 5 (500 Words)

With pride, zeal, and honor India celebrates Republic Day on January 26, of every year to commemorate the day in which the Indian constitution came into force. India declared as a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic republic on 26th January 1950, three years after independence. It is a national holiday, and the nation celebrates to cherish the auspicious moment of its evolution into the world’s largest democracy.

A Glimpse of History

Even though India acquired independence on August 15, 1947, it was in short of an elaborate constitution and also didn’t have authorities and political powers to run the state affairs. Until then, we used to amend and modify the 1935 Government of India Act for governing and execution purpose. Those modifications only suited the interests of the colonial rule, and demanded the need for a well-established permanent constitution.

Therefore, on August 28, 1947, India formed a constitutional drafting committee under the leadership of Dr. B. R Ambedkar. The constitutional commity presented the draft before the Constituent Assembly on November 4, 1947. The entire process took 166 days, involving a tiresome process in which the committee organized sessions which were open to the public.

It was indeed a challenging act for the constitutional committee as the committee has to blend rightly and balance the interest of various religions, cultures, languages, social classes, castes, creed, even the minute details that can hamper the social fabric of the society.

Finally, on 24th January 1950, two handwritten copies of the document, one Hindi and the other in English were unanimously passed and signed by the three hundred and eight members of the committee. Incidentally, on January 26, 1950, the Indian constitution officially presented to the nation.

Also, the Indian parliament held its first session on the same day, and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first president of the Republic of India. This event marked the birth of sovereign India symbolizing the end of British trails and India transformed to a Republic State.

Republic Day Celebrations

Every year January 26, Indians celebrate Republic Day with lot of enthusiasm. Irrespective of their region, religion, caste, language or color, all Indians unite in their diversity in patriotic spirit to celebrate the national Republic Day worldwide. The most prominent of the celebrations take place in the capital city of India, in New Delhi with Republic Day Parade showcasing the military might and cultural diversity.

The ministry of defense organize the Delhi Republic Day parade with the active participation of three military units, semi-military units, NCC, various paramilitary units and floats on the thoroughfare of Rajpath starting from Rasina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan, passes through India Gate, and ends at Red Fort. The parade also consists of some performance by each state in their ethnic style.

The ceremony starts with the commemoration of the martyrs who shed their blood for the country as the Prime Minister offers a wreath at Amar Jawan Jyothi. Later the Prime Minister receives the President of India and the chief guest of the occasion.

National Flag Hoisting:

The President then hoists the national flag followed by 21 gun salutes and the military band play the national anthem. Another highlight of the occasion is the bravery award ceremony such as Veer Chakra, Kirti Chakra, etc.

Chief Guest:

During the annual celebration, we shall invite some dignified state heads from the world as a chief guest to watch the grand gala celebration, which showcases the cultural richness and military might of India. Selection of chief guest send a strong political message to the world, and it always reflects, political and strategic relationship with that country.


Indians celebrate Republic Day with lots of enthusiasm and let us not forget the long journey to freedom, the struggles of our forefathers to make the country a sovereign state. It is a day for all Indians to celebrate the essence of liberty and take India forward to accomplish the dream of our freedom fighters.

Long Essay on Republic Day: Intro, Importance and Celebration – Essay 6 (1000 Words)



India celebrates its Republic Day on 26th of January every year. People pay respect by hoisting the National Flag and singing the National Anthem.

Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

The Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January because it was exactly on 26th January, 1950 that India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic and had a newly framed constitution for itself. It is this constitution that formed the base and a guiding document for independent India.

Importance of Republic Day

We all know that India got independence on 15th August 1947; still leaders were not elected since we didn’t have a constitution on our own. Even after independence, India had no other option than to remain under the constitutional monarchy of King George VI. India was ruled by the British for many years and even the hard earned independence did not give the much needed democracy.

The Drafting Committee which was headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was given the responsibility of framing the constitution. Dr.B.R.Ambedkar submitted the newly drafted constitution to the Indian Assembly on 4th Nov 1947 but it took almost two and half years for the constitution to be fully amended. Finally it was on 26th Jan 1950, the Constitution was fully enforced, and India was declared a Democratic Republic.

Many of us do not know the significance behind 26th January and why this date was chosen as the Republic Day. It was on 26th January, the demand for independence was made for the first time during the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress. Following the session, 26th January 1930 was declared as ‘Purna Swaraj Day’ which meant Independence Day. Hence 26th January was chosen as the date for Republic Day in order to honor the wish of freedom fighters. The constitution model was also named ‘Purna Swaraj’.

Republic Day Celebrations

The Republic Day is declared a public holiday and people from all walks of life involve in various celebrations across the country. All the celebrations start with hoisting of National Flag and ends with reciting National Anthem. Schools and colleges have their own way of celebrating Republic Day by conducting cultural programmes, competitions for students and distribution of sweets. Many take part in volunteering activities such as blood donation camps etc., but the most important celebration which almost everyone in the country look forward to is the Republic Day Parade that is held in Delhi, the Capital city of India.

People from all parts of India reach Delhi to witness this grand Parade that extends from Rajpath to Red Fort. The parade is a visual treat to the spectators as well as a proud moment to the citizens of India. The Parade highlights the rich cultural heritage of India and its unity in diversity. The march past of the three main wings of defense – army, navy and air force makes everyone sit dumbstruck. The Honorable President of India, who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute from the defense forces. Every year the Indian Government invites a guest, normally Prime Minister, President or Head of friendly nations for the Republic Day Celebration.

The celebrations begin early in the morning amidst thousands of civilians, politicians, and celebrities gathering at Rajpath. The power and valor of the defense forces are showcased in various forms. The defense forces display their latest weapons, machinery, tanks, missiles, and other equipments of war. This is to prove the capability of the Indian Defense Forces to the world nations. There will be a new addition every year and it proves that the country is progressing. The tunes played by military bands, trumpets, and drums makes us even more patriotic. Police force and N.C.C cadets from across the country also participate in the Republic Day Parade. Motorcycle ride by the armed forces is not to be missed.

The Republic Day Parade of India certainly shows the beauty of its different states. Every state is depicted in tableaux form where the life of its people, their culture, customs and their growth past independence over these years are highlighted. This also symbolizes the equality among the different states of India. The people who enact wear the customary dress of the state and some even perform their traditional dance. Each state will try to outdo others by means of their performances.

There will also be all types of Indian dance forms performed in precision by school and college students. Balloons with the color of national flag will be made float in the air. Air force will show their marvelous adventure by flying aero planes and jet planes in different formations leaving behind the mark of national flag in tri-color. They also shower rose petals from the air. Such beautiful sights cannot be seen every day on the sky.

The Republic Day celebration last for three days and it ends on 29th January. The last ceremony is the Beating Retreat Ceremony which is performed by the Indian Defense Force in the evening after officially declaring the end of Republic Day Celebrations.

Witnessing these celebrations will make every Indian feel proud of their nation.

Day of Recognition

Before the start of the Republic Day Parade, the Prime Minister of India pays homage at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate and places wreath to the soldiers who have sacrificed their lives for the country. On this special day, awards and medals for bravery are given to the people of defense forces. Civilians who have shown outstanding act of bravery are also recognized and rewarded on this day.


India is a country with diverse religions and cultures. Many festivals are celebrated in India and each festival is celebrated by a particular group of people. The significance of Independence Day and Republic Day is that it is celebrated by the whole nation without any discrimination. The Republic Day events re-kindle the spirit of pride and patriotism among the citizens. Students take pledge to be good citizens and make their country a better and peaceful place to live.

Long Essay on Republic Day of India: History, Celebration, Significance and Awards – Essay 7 (1500 Words)

We all acknowledge 26 January as the Republic Day of India and enjoy a holiday each year on this day. But do we all actually understand why this day is so important in the history of our country that it is considered as a national holiday and celebrated by one and all?

The History Behind Republic Day

After the Indian Independence movement, on 15th August 1947, India achieved independence from the British Raj. However, a permanent constitution was yet to be framed for India which was under George VI as head of the state, while the governor-general was Earl Mountbatten with India being a constitutional monarchy at the time of independence. At this time, the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935 was largely considered for the laws under which India was governed at this time.

In order to draft a permanent constitution, a drafting committee was appointed on 28 August 1947. Dr B R Ambedkar was appointed as the Chairman of this drafting committee. On 4 November 1947, the drafting committee, after having prepared a draft constitution, submitted it to the Constituent Assembly for review. The meeting of the assembly was held in sessions which were open to the public and spread over a period of two years, 11 months and 18 days, it met for 166 days in all.

Finally, on 24 January 1950, the 308 strong members of the Assembly, after some modifications and amendments, put their signatures of two copies of the draft document, one each in Hindi and English. This approved draft document which came into force after two days on 26 January 1950 throughout the entire country is what we all have till today known as the Constitution of India. This day is also recognised as the start of the term of the first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad. From that onwards, every year, we celebrate 26 January as our Republic Day.

Celebrations on Republic Day

Although Republic Day celebrations are held across the country, the major celebrations are visible at Rajpath in New Delhi, with the President, the Prime Minister and other ministers in attendance. The Delhi Republic Day march is the biggest and most imperative of the processions denoting the Republic Day festivities in India. It is the principle fascination of India’s Republic Day festivities, which keep going for 3 days. The motorcade exhibits India’s protection ability and its social and social legacy.

The Significance of Aman Jawan Jyoti

Preceding the beginning of the Parade, the Prime Minister lays a botanical wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a remembrance to fallen fighters at the India Gate toward one side of Rajpath, which is trailed by two minutes silence in the memory of fallen warriors. The sacrifice of the martyrs who laid down their lives for the country is remembered on this day. From that point, the Prime Minister arrives at the main dais at Rajpath to join different dignitaries. Subsequently, the President, along with the chief guests, duly escorted by the President’s bodyguard on the horseback arrives to join others at Rajpath. The National Flag is unfurled by the President after which the National Anthem is played along with a 21-gun salute.

Bravery Awards

Next, essential honours like the Ashok Chakra and Kirti Chakra are given away by the President, before the regiments of Armed Forces begin their walk past. The President presents awards of bravery to the members of the armed forces for their extraordinary mettle in the field and furthermore the civilians, who have famed themselves by their distinctive demonstrations of courage in various circumstances. Youngsters who get the National Bravery Award ride past the observers on vividly designed elephants or vehicles.

The Parade

In addition to Navy, nine to twelve unique regiments of the Indian Army and the Air Force with their groups walk past in the entirety of their official uniforms. The Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, who happens to the President of India takes the salute. There are different participants in this parade including the 12 contingents of the three military powers of India. One of the one of a kind sights of the procession is the camel-mounted Border Security Force unexpected, which is the main camel-mounted military power on the planet.

The best N.C.C. cadets, chosen from all over the country think of it as a respect to partake in this occasion, as do the school youngsters from different schools in the capital. They spend numerous days getting ready for the occasion and no cost is saved to see that everything about dealing with, from their training for the drills, the basic props and their outfits. 22 to 30 drifts showing the way of life of the different states and association domains of India, including buoys of association services and state undertakings are in the terrific motorcade, which is communicated across the country on TV and radio.

Each presentation draws out the decent variety and wealth of the way of life of India and the entire show provides a bubbly air to the occasion. Around 1200 schoolchildren present dances and other cultural activities as a feature of the parade.

The Flypast and the Daredevil Motorcade

The motorcade generally marks the last entry in the parade with thrill-seeker engine cycle riding show by bike units of the Armed Forces and civil security services along with a flypast by the Indian Air Force planes and helicopters conveying the national banner and the banners of the armed forces. With such an outstanding performance and applause by each one of the crowd, India’s Republic Day Parade in New Delhi is a standout amongst the most fabulous motorcade in the world.

Beating Retreat

The end of the Republic Day festivities is marked by the Beating retreat which is conducted on the third day after the Republic Day i.e on the 29 January. The bands of the three wings of the military, namely, the Indian Airforce, The Indian Navy and the Indian Navy perform on this day. Vijay Chowk and Raisina Hills act as the venue for this show. The President of India is the chief guest for this occasion.

Chief Guest of the Republic Day Parade

As a state guest of honour for Republic Day, since its first Republic day, India has been hosting the heads of other countries at its guests. However, it was only in the year 1955 that the Parade is being organised in its current form as on earlier occasions, the parade used to organised at different venues such as Ramlila Grounds and the Red Fort.

Amid the 1950s– 1970s, various NAM and Eastern Bloc nations were facilitated by India. In the post-Cold War period, India has likewise welcomed a few Western pioneers on a state visit on the Republic Day. It is outstanding that before India battled wars with China and Pakistan, pioneers from these nations were welcomed as state visitors for the Republic Day festivities. The Pakistan Food and Agriculture Minister was the second state visitor from that nation for Republic Day in 1965, a couple of days after which the two nations went to a war.

Nations which have been welcomed on different occasions incorporate India’s neighbours (Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Mauritius), resistance partners (Russia/USSR, France and Britain), and exchange accomplices (Brazil) and NAM partners (Nigeria, Indonesia and recent Yugoslavia). France has the qualification of being the visitor of respect for the greatest (five) number of times pursued by four visits from Bhutan and three visits each from Mauritius and USSR/Russia. In 2015, the US President Barack Obama was the Chief Guest at Republic Day festivities, trailed by French president François Hollande amid the 2016 Republic Day march. In 2017, Crown Prince Mohammed canister Zayed Al Nahyan from the United Arab Emirates was the Chief Guest of the motorcade.

Celebrations in the Different States

All the states of India additionally show specific Jhanki identified with their way of life, custom and advancement after freedom demonstrating the presence of ‘Solidarity in Diversity in India’. Society moves are displayed by individuals and also some moving, singing and instruments employing exercises happens. Toward the finish of occasion, a tri shading (saffron, white and green) bloom showering with planes happens in the sky demonstrating the image of National Flag. Some bright inflatables are likewise flown in the sky demonstrating the image of harmony.

The Historic event of the Republic Day

The Republic day of the year 2018 was considered special due to one factor which was a first for the routine Republic day events. It was primarily because heads of 10 Asian nations were invited together to witness the Republic Day celebrations on this day. The ten countries were Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand.

Republic Day – A Matter of Pride

We should all take pride in celebrating the Republic day as this day marks the setting up of our constitution though we all are governed as one country. There should be special programmes across schools and colleges to inculcate the laws imbibed in the constitution in the minds of the students. This shall surely help them to understand their country better and who knows, one of them may be our leader for tomorrow?

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