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Essay on Waste Management

The activities involved in order to dispose off waste to its final disposal are what we call waste management. Generation of waste is an important step of almost every industrial activity and in fact, a considerable amount of waste is generated from our homes every day. However, how we dispose it off is something which has larger concerns. The students must educate themselves on the significance of waste management and the technologies available today in order to do it effectively. Hence we have prepared some long essays for students which shall not prove to be informative but shall be helpful for students irrespective of their classes for their examinations as well.

List of Essay on Waste Management in English

Essay on Waste Management – Essay 1 (250 Words)


Due to impacts of environmental pollution, people have been more cautious on waste disposal. Waste management involves processes of collection, transportation and disposal of wastes. Depending on the different types and nature of wastes, their management differs.

Types of Wastes:

Wastes are classified into different types based on the physical appearance. Liquid wastes are liquid in nature, solid wastes are solid and organic wastes are organic in nature. Waste management for liquid wastes is different from solid and organic wastes. Wastes are also classified based on the degree of harm like hospital wastes are classified as infectious, highly infectious and general wastes.

The Process of Waste Management:

Waste management begins from the point of collection. It is necessary to segregate wastes from the point of collection so that the process becomes easier. The transportation of wastes is the next step and it is different for liquid, solid, organic, hazardous and infectious wastes. Disposal of wastes is the final step in waste management whereby incineration, burying, recycling and treatment of wastes is done.

Importance of Waste Management:

Waste management is aimed at protection of the environment and to enhance the safety of surrounding environment for humans and animals. Hazardous wastes are disposed far from reach of humans and animals to prevent harm. Environmental pollution is a major public health issue that is prevented by proper waste management because fewer wastes end up in the environment. Recycling as a waste management process enables saving of resources and prevention of accumulation of wastes.

Essay on Waste Management: With Concepts – Essay 2 (300 Words)

Waste management in an efficient way is a necessary step to be taken in this developing world. With all the growth in hands, improper disposal of waste and carelessness have created many forms of consequences and inconveniences among us. Waste management means the proper processing and management of different types of wastes, from the time it is disposed of.

Wastes that are produced by human activities are nowadays disposed irresponsibly on roadsides, unused lands, etc. Lack of proper treatment of such wastes creates many problems like a bad odor, harmful disease-causing germs spread all over the place and more. Most commonly domestic wastes are being thrown like this by the people.

Waste Management Concepts:

Waste management starts with the collection of waste from the source itself. Transportation of such collected waste is another important factor. Once the waste is carefully transported to appropriate places suitable for disposal, then comes the processing and proper disposal stage of waste management.

However, there are many other important aspects of waste management. One of them is the three R’s concept: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Reducing the production of waste by controlling excess use of products, and also by the reduction of sources while the product is manufactured, will help in the waste management. Use more eco-friendly items so that they can be disposed of easily without polluting our environment.

Reuse is another concept of waste management in which the product instead of being disposed of should be reused in a more creative way. Waste management also means using a product till it completely becomes unusable to avoid excess waste disposal.

Recycle is the concept of converting the waste into the raw material so that they can be used again for the manufacturing process. This method of waste management will reduce the cost of production, pollution and will be of better quality.

Production of unwanted materials should be reduced to help in creating a better waste management hierarchy. We humans should be more careful in using and disposing of products after its use.

Essay on Waste Management: Significance and Conclusion – Essay 3 (400 Words)


Waste Management is the systematic collection of wastes and its disposal. It includes proper recycling of collected wastes and generation of renewable energy from it. Waste management is the recent initiative taken by countries at local, national and international levels to care about planet earth. It is the responsible act to provide good environment for the present and future generations.


In human history, waste management has become necessary after inventions and industrializations. Prior to industrialization, simple burying was sufficient to handle wastes, as they were mostly biodegradable. Equipment’s, utensils, tools etc., were passed down from generation to generation, as mass production was unknown in those days. But with industrialization and increase in population along with the indulgence for recreation, more than manageable wastes are getting produced day by day. Since, these wastes pose serious threat to health and environment, waste management has become one of the priority issues of the century.

Sources & Treatment:

Solid, liquid, and organic wastes are produced starting from homes to business establishments and industries. Each type of waste originated from these sources has different methods to systematically collect, transport, treat and properly dispose without affecting the environment. Apart from common wastes, there are also hazardous wastes that require special treatment. Hence, waste management plays an important role in the society to effectively handle these wastes.

Residential Waste Management:

Residential wastes consists about 65% of the trash generated from everyday activities. These are collected from door to door and segregated before disposal to landfills. The biodegradable organic wastes are composted and reused as manure. The non-biodegradable wastes like rigid plastic containers, glass, tin and aluminium metal cans are recycled for new use. The use of non-recyclable plastic bags and polystyrene foams cups have been reduced in the recent days and even banned by some local Governments. Electronic and other hazardous wastes require proper disposal through vendors, who specialize in their recycle process.

Business Waste Management:

Apart from the common wastes listed out under the residential category, business houses generate additional waste specific to their industries. They include construction debris, pesticides, automotive parts, electronics, pharmaceutical and medical wastes, etc. Relevant waste management techniques are included as part of their processes to sustain the environment.

Industrial Waste Management:

The challenges of waste management are higher for oil and gas, refineries and petrochemical industries, etc. Starting from construction of pipelines or production facilities to the end-dumps of processes, the challenges faced by them are manifold. Proper collection and disposal methods are introduced at every level for efficient waste management. These methods form part of their daily routine and are monitored by local authorities.

Tagline for Waste Management:

The best waste management tagline propagated the world over is 3Rs namely – Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. At the first level, waste management would be effective if all individuals, corporates and industries take care to reduce their use of things. Secondly, if everyone could creatively find means to reuse the things that would contribute significantly to the waste management efforts. The final and important emphasis is on use of recyclable things, so that they do not end in landfills. Incineration of landfills, as a method of waste management, should be the last resort, as they cause air pollution.


The Governments and Stakeholders in developed and developing countries have seriously taken up the cause of creating awareness on waste management. Through various media, the message is communicated to reach the communities. Stringent measures are also taken up by them against defaulters in businesses and industries. At a personal level, we need to be motivated to care for waste management in every activity of our daily living. This consciousness is required to guarantee the success of ambitious goals set by stakeholders.

Essay on Waste Management: With Methods and Conclusion – Essay 4 (500 Words)


The complete procedure of controlling, handling, storage, transporting, reprocessing and discarding of industrial, human and environmental waste is known as waste management. Waste management is a worldwide subject; however, its consequences are more noticeable in emerging nations.

Solid waste management that is a quite huge task is becoming more complex with growth in overpopulation, suburbanization, social and economic growth, commercialization, etc. Official insubstantiality, economic limits and public approach in the direction of waste management has converted the problem into the worse.

Methods of Waste Management:

The following are the common methods of waste management:


Under this method of waste management, public solid wastes get buried for converting them into heat, residue, steam, ash, and gases. It decreases the amount of solid waste by around 31% of the actual quantity.


Discarding garbage and waste inside the landfills is one of the most known methods of waste management. Under this method, the problems like dangers and odor of the garbage are eradicated. The compost is buried on the locations of the landfill. Today the landfills are also considered as the reason for global warming and that is the reason that numerous nations are thinking again about the use of landfills.


Composting is a process of bio-degradation of waste management in which the organic waste i.e., leftovers of floras and pantry waste are transformed into the nourishment for floras. This technique is utilized for organic-agriculture which also increases the productiveness of the soil.


In this method of waste management, the waste items are reprocessed for using again. The waste things are reprocessed for taking out the resources or transforming into energies like heat, electricity, fuel.

Anaerobic Digestion:

Anaerobic digestion is the method of waste management which decays biological materials with the help of organic procedures. It utilizes the germs-free surroundings and oxygen for decaying. Composting needs air to help in the development of bacteria.

Waste Minimization:

It is the simplest way of waste management that helps in creating less amount of waste. The declination of waste can be performed by anybody by decreasing the waste formation and reprocessing and recycling the old resources. The usage of ecological products and decreasing the usage of paper, plastic, etc., is essential. The public contribution has a straight influence on the system of waste management.

Waste to Energy:

Under this procedure of waste management, non-biodegradable wastage is transformed into the sources of energy like fuel, heat, or electricity. All of these are renewable energy sources since the non-biodegradable wastage might be utilized for creating energy repeatedly.

Pyrolysis and Gasification:

These two techniques of waste management are utilized for decomposing the organic leftover materials by divulging it to little quantity of oxygen and elevated the temperature. There is no usage of oxygen in the procedure of pyrolysis and a very small amount of oxygen is utilized in the procedure of gasification.


The organizations that are working for the environment have created numerous methods that deal in waste management. The usage of new innovative technologies for handling and disposing of solid waste also helps in the direction of waste management.

Essay on Waste Management: Introduction, Methods and Importance – Essay 5 (600 Words)


Waste Management is arising as a major problem in almost all countries. In order to have a healthy life and a clean environment, managing of waste materials is very important. Imparting knowledge on waste management is the need of the hour. So, what is meant by waste management?

Waste Management refers to the process of removing waste and this includes each and every processes right from the collection of waste materials, transporting it, treating them and its disposal. Key factors such as increase in population, industrialization, urbanization etc., add to the excess generation of wastes. The percentage of waste generated is high compared to the percentage of disposal. Although waste management is a global issue, the worst affected are the developing countries.

Methods of Waste Management:

There are different types of waste produced such as industrial waste, agricultural waste, house hold waste, waste from health care centers, organic waste and toxic wastes. These wastes are also in different forms such as solid, liquid and gas. The method of waste management differs according to the type of waste materials.

In modern methods of waste management, importance is given not only to clear waste but to convert them into useful substances.

Some of the common methods of clearing waste are stated below:

i. The most common method of disposing waste is throwing them in landfills which is then buried. This is one of the oldest techniques and this method helps in the removal of bad odor. But many countries are currently reconsidering this method as landfills are found to increase global warming.

ii. Recycling is one of the best method for waste management. In this process, waste materials are recycled and energy resources like fuel, electricity etc., are generated.

iii. Composting is another process where waste materials are turned into useful manures. This method is also called the bio-degradation process where the kitchen waste and remains of plants and trees are again converted into manure for plants. The fertility of soil is improved by this process.

iv. Organic waste materials are decomposed by two methods namely Gasification and Pyrolysis. In the Gasification process of waste management, waste materials are exposed to low amount of oxygen and high temperature and in Pyrolysis method no oxygen is used.

v. Non-recyclable waste materials are also converted into fuel, heat or electricity.

Apart from all the above methods, there is one simple method that can be practiced by everyone to reduce waste. Yes, the best way to reduce waste is to create less waste.

Why Waste Management is Important?

Waste management is very important to preserve the health of living beings and also to create a strong environment for the future generation.

Waste Management helps in reducing pollution and by adapting to efficient waste management techniques, emission of gases like Carbon dioxide and Methane from wastes can be reduced to a large extent.

Waste Management helps in the prevention of contagious diseases.

We saw that recycling is a method of waste management and it has a lot of benefits. When products are recycled, there is no need to produce new products which saves raw materials. The energy consumption will also be much less.

Waste Management is a big industry as it contains various stages and procedures. Human resources are required in large numbers at every stage. Thus waste management as an industry creates several job opportunities. People with less education and skilled labor can also be utilized in high number in this sector.


Waste management is insisted so much because our planet Earth has already started facing the consequences of dumping tons of garbage. The governments and the local civic bodies must create new strategies to reduce waste and should also create awareness among people on the benefits of using eco-friendly products.

Essay on Waste Management: With Advantages and Disadvantages – Essay 6 (750 Words)


Waste management is basically the management of every of the activities that involves waste starting from the collection of waste to the transportation of waste t where it is finally disposed. Waste management is extremely important for the healthy and sound functioning of us humans and our environment. Wastes are generated on an exponential rate when compared with the rate at which we dispose waste. We generate a lot of various types of waste including liquid, gaseous and solid wastes. All the different forms of wastes that are produced undergo a lot of various processes employed in the management of waste. When waste is managed efficiently and effectively, the environment would be healthy and safe for all of us.

Some of the many activities that are involved in the management of waste include transporting, collecting, supervising, handling, discarding and the regulating of the waste and all the other procedures involved in the management of waste. Our environment would be totally unimaginable with wastes everywhere spreading various diseases and causing serious damage to our environment. When the management of waste is done consistently, the many benefits to the environment can be very immense.

Advantages of Waste Management:

1. Waste management helps in keeping the environment very clean:

When we carry out the management of waste, we help in keeping our environment very clean and all of us as persons should do our very best to keep our immediate and non-immediate environment clean in order to achieve the ultimate goal of a clean environment. A unit of waste management collects waste materials and garbage from different places in the public and then transport the collected waste materials and garbage to sites of landfill and other forms of disposal systems and units that are used for its disposal. The different gases and odours that are emitted by the garbage and wastes are removed before the disposal and this makes the entire process result in a very clean environment.

2. Waste management conserves energy:

Recycling is a very important part of waste management. The recycling of all the various products and items helps in the reduction of use of raw materials for the creation of new items and products. Energy conservation also occurs during recycling since the recycling of goods uses less energy than the creation of entirely new goods from raw materials.

3. Waste management helps in the reduction of air pollution:

Global warming and air pollution can be reduced through the help of waste management. The intensity and the levels of gases like methane and carbon dioxide that are emitted and released from waste into the atmosphere are reduced through the help of waste management.

4. Employment opportunities are generated through waste management:

A large quantity of manpower and skill is needed for the various processes involved in waste management. Starting with the collection of the waste to where it is disposed, a lot of job opportunities are created through the management of waste.

5. Waste management encourages sustainability in resources use:

The process and system of the management of waste highly minimises the use of resources and energy. The use and employment of resources in an efficient way is encouraged by the life-cycle concept of waste management.

6. Health: If human beings are exposed to waste, the health of humans can be affected negatively and can result in a lot of diseases and illness. As we all know, activities carried out in the management of waste include waste collection from different landfills and the transportation of waste to places where they can be safely disposed without causing any harm to our health.

7. Waste management helps keep the future generation in mind:

By managing our waste properly we are providing the future generation with a clean environment and a very strong economy.

Disadvantages of Waste Management:

1. Finance:

Waste management on a large can require a lot of man power and technology to be carried out successfully. There is the need for planning and implementation of the many processes and activities involved in the management of waste. Also, a lot of varieties of waste need to managed and there is the need for different methods of waste management for the different types of wastes; this means a higher cost for the management of waste.

2. Health of Workers:

The management of wastes and all of the processes involved can lead to a number of fungal and bacterial infections and diseases on the part of those working in the waste management sector.

Essay on Waste Management in India – Essay 7 (1000 Words)

Waste management techniques have been in place ever since man learnt to live in communities and settle at one place. However, with the growing population, technologies and urbanisation, we have not been able to upkeep the waste management methods and thus this has created a problem of large dumping of wastes which are a cause of concern as on date.

Waste Management System in India:

Waste management in India depends on the standards of sustainable development, polluter pace and precaution. These standards make the regions and business foundations to act in an earth responsible and a mindful way by re-establishing the ecological balance, their activities in any manner upset it. The expansion in a waste generation as a side-effect of financial advancement has prompted different subordinate enactments for directing the way of transfer and waste management has been made under the Environment Protection Act (EPA) enacted in the year 1986. Explicit types of waste come under different rules and require separate compliances, for the most part in the idea of authorisations, upkeep of records and proper disposable mechanisms.

Waste Generation Statistics in India:

With quick urbanization, the nation is confronting monstrous waste management challenge. More than 377 million urban individuals live in 7,935 towns and urban areas and create 62 million tons of metropolitan strong waste per annum. Just 43 million tons (MT) of the waste is gathered, 11.9 MT is dealt with and 31 MT is dumped in landfill destinations. Strong Waste Management (SWM) is one among the fundamental thing administrations given by city experts in the nation to keep urban focuses clean. However, in a bid to keep the urban areas clean of waste, most of the municipal bodies dump large amounts of waste on the outskirts of the cities. As per specialists, India is following a defective arrangement of waste management and there is a strong need to correct it.

Effective Waste Management:

The way to effective waste management is to guarantee legitimate isolation of waste at source and to guarantee that the waste is recycled as much as possible and recovery of resources is done in a proper manner. In that case, the final waste is quite less and can be dumped at the landfills. Sanitary landfills are definitive methods for transfer for unutilised metropolitan strong waste from the waste of offices and different kinds of inorganic waste that can’t be recycled. However, the transportation of the waste to far away landfill sites is a costly affair.

Report by IIT Kanpur on Waste Management:

A report by IIT Kanpur in the year 2006 found the capability of reuse of at least 15 per cent or 15,000 MT of waste generated each day in the nation. This, the report stated, could likewise give work chances to around 500,000 rag pickers. The report included that in spite of monstrous potential in huge urban areas around there, cooperation from the community is restricted.

Waste Management Processing:

There have been mechanical headway for handling, treatment and transfer of waste in the last few years. Vitality from waste is a critical component of SWM on the grounds that it lessens the volume of waste from transfer likewise helps in changing over the loss into a sustainable power source and natural compost. In a perfect world, it falls in the stream graph after isolation, accumulation, reusing and before getting to the landfill. However, the irony of the situation is that many wastes to energy plants in India are not working to their maximum capacity.

Better Ways Ahead to Waste Management:

Establishment of waste-to-compost and bio-methanation plants would lessen the heap of landfill sites. The biodegradable part of India’s strong waste is at present assessed at a little more than 50 per cent. Bio-methanation is an answer to handling biodegradable waste which likewise remains underexploited. It is trusted that on the off chance that we isolate biodegradable waste from the rest, it could lessen the difficulties considerably. E-waste parts contain poisonous materials and are non-biodegradable which present both word related and ecological wellbeing dangers including harmful smoke from reusing procedures and draining from e-waste in a landfill into neighbourhood water tables.

Around 100 urban communities are set to be created as keen urban areas. Urban bodies need to redraw long-haul vision in strong waste management and modify their methodologies according to evolving ways of life. They ought to re-evaluate waste management techniques in urban communities so we can process waste and not just dump it. To do this, families and organizations must segregate their waste at source so it could be overseen as an asset.

Waste Management Rules in Place:

Bio-restorative waste rules, 1998 recommend that there ought to be a Common Biomedical Waste Treatment Facility (CBWTF) at every 150 kms in the nation. CBWTFs have been set up and are working in urban areas and towns. In any case, the foundation of utilitarian CBWTF all through the nation must be guaranteed. Incorporated basic dangerous waste management offices consolidate anchored landfill sites, cementing/adjustment and burning to treat risky squanders produced by different modern units. They contribute about 97.8 per cent of aggregate landfill waste and 88 per cent of aggregate hazardous waste created in the nation.


We all need to contribute towards effective waste management in our country. The government has also identified some plans to get rid of landfill sites in 20 urban cities. There is no extra land for dumping waste, the current ones are already over utilised. It is accounted for that right around 80 per cent of the waste at Delhi landfill locales could be reused given the fact that community bodies begin enabling rag pickers to segregate waste at source and reuse it. Manure pits ought to be developed in each territory to process natural waste. Network cooperation has an immediate bearing on effective waste management. Recuperation of e-waste is appallingly low, we have to support reusing of e-waste on a substantial scale level with the goal that issue of e-waste disposal is managed. We all must ensure that we segregate all types of waste at source and help the government in the effective disposal and recycle of waste wherever possible. Otherwise, we may not even find aground to serve as a landfill site in the times to come.


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