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Essay on Gender Equality in India

Human beings are a different race as compared to other animals and treat themselves superior to animals. However, there has been discrimination among humans as well. Women, in society, have not been treated at par with the males and this gender inequality has been there since ages. However, since the few years, there has been a great emphasis on treating all human being equal irrespective of their gender. We have compiled essays for students, both in long and short form in order to cover this topic of gender equality and its importance in today’s scenario. The essays are suitable to all students and shall prove to be helpful for different exams as well.

List of Essays on Gender Equality in English

Essay on Gender Equality in India – Essay 1 (100 Words)

One of the most alarming facts of India is that the Gender Inequality is at its heights. Gender Equality basically means equality for both men and women in every aspect of life, politically, economically, in health, education etc.

While the laws of Independent India are robust giving women a safety net, it is unfortunate that Gender Equality is still an issue. In 2018, India has topped in the Unsafe Countries for Women list bringing a national shame which the citizens and the leaders most gladly shrugged off. We should at every walk of life make a conscious effort to bring Gender Equality into existence.

Essay on Gender Equality – Essay 2 (250 Words)

Gender Equality is one of the severe issues in our current modern society. It refers to the equality of responsibilities, rights, and opportunities for females and males. Women, as well as girls, still fall behind the men and boys on the fundamental aspects globally.

It is essential to maintain gender equality for global development as well. Till now, women are still incapable of contributing effectively, and in fact, they don’t recognize their complete potential.

Gender Equality and its importance:

Although our spiritual beliefs consider females as a deity, we fail to identify her as a human first. Women still understated in the positions of decision-making in different companies. Several studies show that there are below 1/3rd women in the world that occupy the ranks of senior management.

By offering gender equality in areas of health services, education, job, and involvement in administrative and monetary decision-making practices will ultimately benefit in attaining the economic sustainability overall. Numerous global organizations emphasize the significance of gender equality as a motivation for resolving several demographic, economic, and other issues.


Now, positive growth can be seen in the region of ​​gender equality (comprising the equal right to girls and boys for primary education). But, still, there are some parts of the world in which the girls and women are continuing to suffer from violence and discrimination. There is a definite necessity to make our legal and regulatory framework stronger for fighting the deep-embedded practice of gender inequality. We hope the entire world recognizes the efforts of men and women equally soon in our modern society.

Essay on Gender Equality – Essay 3 (400 Words)

From the early days, inequality among male and female have been a common issue. It is so sad that how the biological difference in a human being can change all types of importance and rights they can have. From birth to marriage to jobs to the style of living, both genders differ the facilities and importance they get.

What is Gender Equality?

Gender equality or sexual equality is the state when all human being can have easy and equal access to all the opportunities, resources, etc., in spite of their biological differences. They should be granted equality in developing their own future, equality in economic participation, equality in the way of lifestyle, equality in granting them the freedom to make decisions, equality in almost everything they go through in their life.

Need for discussing Gender Equality:

We all know how women are being treated in society due to the lack of awareness and inequality. Even in the womb, they are being killed thinking that they are going to be a burden to the family. Even after their birth they are made to stick to the household activities and are denied education, good jobs, etc.

Gender equality is to commonly give equality in all stages for both men and women, whether in their home or whether be in their education or in the job they choose. The job of this discussion about gender equality is to break all the boundaries and limitations set by the family, society, and the world for both men and women, to attain their goals independently.

From ancient times there are certain stereotypes and roles set for the different gender like men are for bringing money to the house and women are for doing household works, looking after the family, etc. These stereotypes are to be broken, and both men and women should come out of their boundaries to follow their dreams rather than worrying about the outer world.

This discussion is not about finding women everything a man can or the other way, it is about giving and respecting both gender’s differences and behaviors. We see in many cases that women won’t get a good education or they are denied their rights, this discussion will help both the family and women to understand their rights.

Not only for women, but men are also judged when they choose or break their role in society, like choosing a variety of career, which should be corrected too. Finally, gender equality means respecting and treating all gender equally.

Essay on Gender Equality – Essay 4 (500 Words)

Gender equality is also called sexual equality and is defined as a state of equal access to opportunities and resources not minding gender, and including decision making and economic participation; also valuing all of the different needs, aspirations and behaviours without any form of partiality.

The history of gender equality dates back a long time to about 1405 when Christine de Pizan wrote in her book The Book of the City of Ladies that women are oppressed based on biased prejudice and she pointed out a lot of ways where women in the society are making progress. There was also the Shakers; a group of evangelicals that practiced the segregation of both sexes and preached celibacy. They were one of the first practitioners of equality of the genders. After the Second World War, feminism and the women’s liberation movement have created movements for the recognition of the rights of women. A lot of international agencies like the United Nations and a host of others have done a lot to help improve gender equality but some countries have not adopted many of the conventions.

Feminists have criticised and raised issues about gender biases and the condition of women in countries that don’t have western culture. There have been cases of domestic violence against women and there have been cases of honour killing in some places especially in parts of Asia and North Africa. There is also the problem of women not getting equal pay with men for equal work they have done and women sometimes get harassed sexually by their superiors at work.

A lot of work has been done to battle gender inequality in our society. For example, the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) was opened by the European Union in Vilnius, Lithuania in the year 2010 just to canvass for gender equality and also to battle sex discrimination. The European Union also published a paper called the Gender Action Plan 2016-2020 in the year 2015. The Great Britain and some other countries in Europe have added gender equality as part of their curriculum. Also, the president of the republic of Kazakhstan made a presidential decree to create a strategy for gender equality.

Violence against the women is a term that is used to refer to all forms of violent acts that are majorly and primarily against women in the society. Violence against women is typically gender-based which means that it is solely committed against women just because they are women or because of the patriarchal constructs of gender. These gender based inequalities are to be removed from society by bringing about gender equality.

Gender equality aims at removing all boundaries and differences between men and women. It eliminates any kind of discrimination between male and female. Gender equality ensures equal rights and opportunities for both males and females, be it at home or in educational institutions or at workplaces. Gender equality guarantees political, social, and economic equality.

Essay on Gender Equality in India – Essay 5 (500 Words)

Understanding the Concept:

Gender equality in India is still a faraway dream for us. Despite all the education, advancement, and economic growth, many nations are suffering from the culture of gender inequality, and India is one of them. Apart from India, other European, American, and Asian countries also fall in the same category where the discrimination between men and women has been going on for so long.

Gender Equality in India:

Gender equality in India or in any other part of the world would be achieved when men and women, boys and girls would be treated equally, like two individuals, not two genders. This equality needs to be practiced at homes, in the schools, offices, in marital relations, etc.

Gender equality in India would also mean that the females should feel safe and not driven by the fear of violence. The uneven sex ratio all over the country is a proof that preference for boys over girls is a ground level norm in our Indian society. And this blemish is not confined to just one religion or caste. To a large level, it infects the whole society.

Causes of Gender Discrimination:

There are several hurdles in the way of achieving gender equality in India. The Indian mindset dwells on the deep-rooted patriarchal system. Boys are given more value compared to girls who are just looked upon as a burden.

For this reason, the education of girls is not taken as seriously, which again poses a threat to gender equality in India. Child marriages and child labor also contribute to the lack of gender equality in India.

Poverty is another pitfall in gender equality in India because it pushes girls into sexual abuse, child trafficking, forced marriages, and domestic violence.

Insensitivity toward women exposes them to rapes, stalking, threats, unsafe atmosphere at workplaces and roads due to which achieving gender equality in India has become a tough task.

Possible Solutions:

The causes mentioned above are only the tip of the iceberg. Serious groundwork needs to be done if we are ever to establish gender equality in India. We can all make a small yet significant change to improve gender equality in India.

Parents must teach their boys to respect girls and take them as equals. For this, both mother and father can be their role models. Education must become a necessity for all the girls without which hoping for gender equality in India would be worthless.

School education and social culture also play an important role in spreading gender equality in India. Sex education, awareness campaigns, complete eradication of female feticide, the toxic effects of dowry and early marriages, should all be taught to students.


The road to an absolute gender equality in India is tough but not impossible. We must be honest in our efforts and work on changing the social outlook toward females. For a full-fledged gender equality in India, both men and women must work together and bring a positive change in society.

Essay on Gender Equality – Essay 6 (750 Words)

Gender refers to each female and male, and also the members of the family between them. Gender equality, do we truly put into practice? Yes, we’ve got achieved the idea of gender equality inside the present day society. Now the governments are constantly speaking about the truthful treatment for all of us. There may be no difference in gender roles due to the fact now the society is more recognition on gender equality. Its miles vital to emphasize the concept of gender. Therefore, the concept of gender equality wishes to be understood without a doubt because everybody have to be reputable, predicted, allowed and valued in each aspect. Promotion of gender equality is important in the present modern world. Imposing the gender equality may require the identical illustration and the participation of woman and male within the category of selection-making, economy, task possibilities and civil life.

In the past, gender equality was not practiced and both genders, female and male couldn’t reach their complete ability in the society. It’s far because there are quite a few incorrect standards, wrong statements, and incorrect decisions for the both genders. They shape the incorrect judgments and form the attributes which affects the thinking on each genders and additionally the way we understand depressed human beings. Gender stereotypes were generated in the past. They have been continuous stereotypes about female and male as in males are greater on decision-making, dealing the principal issues whereas females need to continually live at domestic and settle the minor things. Prejudice exists anywhere, with a prejudice comes a stereotype. Gender stereotypes are representing a terrible message and tend to convey a negative effect to a person. It impacts the judgments we form to the both genders. All people is specific, they has their own characteristics. It’s far extremely unfair if we are being stereotyped to a person because of their genders. Therefore, stereotype reflects the truths approximately the realities like not best male are constantly with courage and strong frame to paintings, at the opposite, female even can perform better than male in every aspects.

Although, there is no sustainable development without gender equality and from a development perspective, the world may miss accomplishable targets because of gender-inequality. (“Without Firm Action”) Women and girls represent half of the world’s population and therefore also half its potential. “We need to be gender specific when it comes to employment [and] companies could see the benefits of hiring women, [and break the stereotypical view]”.

An equal society begins with women reclaiming their strong voice, and then gender wouldn’t be as much of a relation of power. Gender equality is a fundamental right which contributes to a healthy society filled with respectful relationships between one another. “[Women can] address their conditions in life, either resisting or submitting to oppressive relations”. Women who begin to step outside of the norm are questioned for their power and capability to accomplish their great ambitions. Women have every right in the world to strive for what they want; it is society that tells them differently.

Like in Zora Neale Hurston’s “How It Feels to Be Colored Me”, a young woman is discovering her identity and power in the world. Using depictions of color throughout the story gives us the sense that she is comparing herself to the color(s) around her. Hurston uses the metaphor of colored bags meaning that they may look different on the outside, yet when the bags are poured out, everything would be somewhat the same. From my approach, this can be compared to the concept of gender equality. Aside from a few biological differences, men and women are equal. When Zora leaves home in the story to move on and fill her aspirations in life, she immediately becomes “colored”.

If we let women reach their full potential, it will leave the world flourishing. All it takes is strangers coming together and supporting one another along their journeys to solve worldwide problem of gender in-equality and bring about gender equality. We are all human and we are all filled and fueled by empowerment, support, and love. We can’t move forward in society until we work towards gender equity, rather than gender inequality. Gender equality isn’t just another phrase for women’s empowerment and rights, its equality for both the genders.

Gender equality is not only an advantage for the females; however it benefits humanity as an entire. It may assist tackle the crippling poverty, illiteracy and abuse which have stricken international locations internationally. Gender equality can even help wreck down inflexible gender roles that afflict us all.

Essay on Gender Equality – Essay 7 (1000 Words)

The availability of equal opportunities, resources and freedom on various counts irrespective of religion is what we call as Gender Equality. According to gender equality, all humans should be treated as equals despite their gender and should be allowed to make decisions and choices in their life as per their own aspirations. It is actually a goal which has often been neglected by society despite the fact that governments all over the world have been known to come up with various laws and measures to ensure gender equality. But, an important piece of thought is that “Have we been able to achieve this goal?” Leave aside achieving; are we anything near to it? The answer is probably “No”. Not only in India, but across the world there are numerous incidents which reflects the status of gender equality or rather gender inequality every day.

Gender Equality in India:

Gender equality disparities and their social causes affect India’s sex ratio, the wellbeing of women, the economic conditions as well as the growth of the country. Gender inequality in India is a multifaceted issue that affects a larger population of the country. In any case, when India’s population is analyzed in general, women are often not treated equally to their men counterparts. Moreover, this has been in existence through ages and is also accepted as a part of the life even by many women in the country. There are still parts in India, where women are the first ones to revolt if the government tries to take their men to task for not treating them as equals. While Indian laws on assault, endowment and infidelity have provided security to women at the basic level, these profoundly oppressive practices are as yet occurring at a disturbing rate, influencing the lives of many women even today.

In fact, as per the Global Gender Gap Report discharged by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2011, India was positioned 113 on the Gender Gap Index (GGI) among 135 nations polled. Since then India has enhanced its rankings on the World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Index (GGI) to 105/136 in 2013. When separated into parts of the GGI, India performs well on political strengthening, however, is scored to be as terrible as China on sex-specific foetus removal.

Efforts to Fight Gender Equality:

i. There have been many initiatives by the respective governments, post-independence to somehow bridge this gap in gender inequality. For instance, some of the schemes run the government as on date under the Ministry of Women and Child Development to ensure women are treated equally such as Swadhar and Short Stay Homes to give alleviation and restoration to women in distress as well as destitute women.

ii. Working Women Hostels for guaranteeing safe settlement for working women from their place of habitation.

iii. Support to Training and Employment Program for Women (STEP) to guarantee practical business and salary age for minimized and resource less rustic and urban poor women all over the nation.

iv. Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) to give miniaturized scale fund administrations to realize the financial upliftment of poor women.

v. National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW) to fortify the general procedures that advance all-round Development of Women.

vi. Sabla Scheme for all-encompassing improvement of young women in the age group of 11-18 years.

Moreover, some of the laws enacted by the government also provide protection to people irrespective of their gender. For instance, Equal Remuneration Act, 1973 accommodates instalment of equivalent compensation to labourers for a similar work of comparative nature with no segregation. With the end goal to guarantee standardized savings to the specialists incorporating women in the disorderly segment, the Government has sanctioned the Unorganized Workers’ Social Security Act 2008. Additionally, The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 covers all people, regardless of their age or business status and secure them against lewd behaviour at all working environments both out in the open and private segment, whether composed or chaotic.

Role of United Nations:

The United Nations has been quite active in supporting the Indian government towards achieving its goal on gender equality. In 2008, the UN Secretary-General propelled the UNiTE to End Violence against Women crusade with the mean to raise open mindfulness and increment political will and assets for averting and consummation all types of viciousness against women. Through its promotion activities at the worldwide, territorial and national dimensions, the UNiTE crusade is attempting to activate people and networks. Notwithstanding supporting the longstanding endeavours of women and common society associations, the battle is effectively captivating with men, youngsters, VIPs, craftsmen, sports identities, private part and some more.

Moreover, the making of UN Women came to fruition as a major aspect of the UN change plan, uniting assets and orders on gender equality. In India, UN Women works intimately with the Government of India and common society to set national benchmarks for accomplishing gender equity. UN Women attempts to fortify women’s financial strengthening through its help to women agriculturists, and manual foragers. As a major aspect of its work on harmony and security, UN Women trains peacekeepers to identify and stop strife related sexual brutality.


Women have been battling for equivalent rights for ages, for the privilege to cast a ballot, the privilege to control their bodies and the privilege of equality in the working environment. What’s more, these fights have been hard battled, yet regardless we have far to go, in treating the women as equal to men. Fairness in the working environment — women in a scope of fields from household work to media outlets can let you know — it’s still only a fantasy. Today, an ever-increasing number of activists and social researchers trust that mandatory sexual orientation sensitisation workshops for different city specialists, including the police and the legal, is a standout amongst the most huge routes towards accomplishing a change in outlook in mentality and conduct.

Perhaps, we can at least dream of a society in the course of future who does not treat people of different gender differently.

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